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En sommes-nous encore à la période de la capitulation tranquille?: Are We Still In The Age Of Silent Surrender?
Université d'Innsbruck, Autriche.
Department of Food and Resource Economics, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Anam­dong, Seungbuk­gu, East building #217, Korea University, Seoul 136­713, Korea.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7902-4683
Université de Montpellier.
Université de Paris La Sorbonne.
2013 (French)In: Entelequia. Revista interdisciplinar, ISSN 1885-6985, no 15, 125-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although French sociology debated at length the issue of globalization, it is surprising to find that up to this day, for all purposes, it neglected the most consistent international attempt to quantitatively measure and study the effects of transnational capital penetration on the economic and social development of the host countries, put forward by the Swiss sociologist Volker Bornschier, from the 1980s onwards. Our article analyses IMF estimates of current economic growth in 180 countries (IMF, 2009), and nine other key indicators of current social global development and shows the relevance of this MNC/FMN penetration approach by Bornschier, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 2002, Bornschier/Ballmer-Cao, 1979, Bornschier/Chase-Dunn, 1985, and Bornschier/Chase-Dunn/Rubinson, 1978. Our paper shows the significant effects of MNC/FMN penetration or the increases of MNC/FMN penetration for the gross enrollment rate in higher education, unemployment, economic growth in 2010 (IMF), inequality and social security spending as a percentage of GDP, the rule of law, infant mortality, and survival rates of women at age 65. As correctly predicted Bornschier, MNC/FMN penetration reflects the power that transnational oligopolies wield over local economies, having a negative impact on the social performance of countries hosting the penetration of transnational capital, while positively affecting economic growth in the previous 1990-2005 economic cycle. Today, social polarization and stagnation increase as a consequence of the development model, based on high MNC/FMN penetration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. no 15, 125-151 p.
Keyword [en]
International Relations and International Political Economy, General Economic Development, Technological Change and Growth, General Economic Development
Keyword [fr]
Relations internationales et é conomie politique internationale, Développement é conomique général, Changement technologique et croissance, Développement économique
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-24659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-24659DiVA: diva2:743850
Available from: 2014-09-05 Created: 2014-09-05 Last updated: 2016-01-14Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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