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Community mobility in older men and women - a cross-sectional and 13 years prospective perspective
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2014 (English)In: Age well: Challenges for individual and society, 2014Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Community mobility, defined as "moving [ones] self in the community and using public or private transportation", has a unique ability to promote older peoples' wellbeing by enabling independence and access to activity arenas for interaction with others. Early predictors of decreased community mobility among older men and women are useful in developing health promoting strategies. However, long-term prediction is rare, especially when it comes to including both public and private transportation. In the present study factors associated with community mobility and decreased community mobility over time among older men and women were identified. Gender-balanced data from a project entitled "Aging in men and women: a longitudinal study of gender differences in health behavior and health among elderly" (GENDER) based on pairs of unlike-sex twins were utilized. In total, 119 men and 147 women responded to a questionnaire in 1994 and 2007. Respondents were between 82 and 96 years old at follow-up. After 13 years, 40% of men and 43% of women had decreased community mobility, but 47 % of men and 45 % of women still experienced some independent community mobility. Cross-sectional independent community mobility among men was associated with higher ratings of subjective health, reporting no depression and more involvement in sport activities. Among women, cross-sectional independent community mobility was associated with better subjective health and doing more instrumental activities of daily living outside the home. Lower subjective health predicted decreased community mobility for both men and women, whereas self-reported health conditions did not. Consequently, general policies and individual interventions aiming to improve community mobility should consider older persons' subjective health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Occupational Therapy Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-24266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-24266DiVA: diva2:735721
Conference
22nd Congress of Gerontology, Gothenburg
Available from: 2014-07-31 Created: 2014-07-31 Last updated: 2014-07-31

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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