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Grain size and workpiece dimension effects on material flow in an open-die micro-forging/extrusion process
School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7527-719X
School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University.
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Materials and Manufacturing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0101-0062
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2013 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 582, no 10, 379-388 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The interactive effect of grain size and specimen dimensions on the material flow and microstructural evolution was studied in a progressive open-die microforming process. Particular interest was paid on the effect of the number of grains over the initial specimen thickness, on the evolution of the dead metal zone (DMZ) in the final micro-component's microstructure. Such a DMZ is deemed unfavorable for mechanical properties of the pin. Interestingly, experimental results revealed that the DMZ can be removed at the pin surface by increasing the initial grain size. This behavior was attributed to the role of the strain gradient on the deformation. In the aspects of the forming load and dimensional measurements of the final parts, there were no significant size-effects observed in this process. This is because the neutral plane, which demarcates the two directions of material flow in the open-die forging/extrusion process, determines the amount of material flow towards the die orifice, regardless of the initial grain size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 582, no 10, 379-388 p.
Keyword [en]
Microforming, Dead metal zone, Subgrain, Size effect, Dislocation cells
National Category
Materials Engineering Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-24216DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2013.06.023ISI: 000324566100051Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881233839Local ID: JTHMaterialISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-24216DiVA: diva2:732519
Available from: 2014-07-04 Created: 2014-07-04 Last updated: 2016-10-28Bibliographically approved

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