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Prevalence of dental erosion and association with lifestyle factors in Swedish 20-year olds
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Kärnsjukhuset, Skövde, Sweden.
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2014 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 6, 448-457 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To investigate the prevalence, distribution and severity of dental erosion and its association with lifestyle, oral and general health in young adults. Materials and methods. Four hundred and ninety-four individuals, 20-years of age, participated. Dental erosion in molars and maxillary incisors was evaluated. Caries, plaque and gingivitis were registered. Saliva samples were taken and the subjects were interviewed about behavioural and dietary habits and oral and general health. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The individuals were sub-divided into two groups according to the presence and absence of dental erosion: within the group with erosion was a sub-group of individuals with extensive erosion. Results. Of the individuals 25% had no erosion, 75% had erosion and 18% had extensive erosion. Erosion was found in molars in 74% of the individuals and on buccal and palatal surfaces in maxillary incisors in 4% and 7%, respectively. Cupping was seen in 65% of individuals and severe erosion in molars in 1.6%. Compared to subjects with no erosion, those with extensive erosion had a higher consumption of soft drinks (p = 0.05), caries prevalence (p < 0.01), prevalence of mutans Streptococci (p < 0.01) and BMI (p < 0.05). Furthermore, subjects with erosion had higher caries prevalence (p < 0.01) and BMI (p < 0.01) than those with no erosion. Conclusions. Swedish young adults have a high prevalence of dental erosion, but the level of severe erosion is low. The study disclosed a relationship between dental erosion and behavioural factors, oral health and BMI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 72, no 6, 448-457 p.
Keyword [en]
body mass index, caries, dental erosion, oral health, young adults
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23214DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2013.859727ISI: 000340259700008PubMedID: 24286494Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904646265OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-23214DiVA: diva2:690086
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2016-11-04Bibliographically approved

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