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ICF and ICF-CY lessons learned: Pandora’s box of personal factors
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR, USA.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9597-039X
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2014 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 25, 2187-2194 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of this article is to examine the component of “personal factors” described as a contextual factor in the ICF and ICF-CY.

Methods: A critical examination of the construct of “personal factors” and description of the component was made with reference to conceptual and taxonomic criteria.

Results: The “personal factors” component in the ICF/ICF-CY is not defined, there is no taxonomy of codes, there is no explicit purpose stated for its use and no guidelines are provided for its application. In spite of these constraints, the component of “personal factors” is being applied as part of the classifications. Such uncontrolled applications constitute significant risks for the status of ICF/ICF-CY as the WHO reference classification in that: (a) the component is accepted for use by default simply by being applied; (b) component content is expanded with idiosyncratic exemplars by users; and (c) there is potential misuse of “personal factors” in documenting personal attributes, including “blaming the victim”.

Conclusion: In the absence of formal codes, any application of the component of “personal factors” lacks the legitimacy that documentation with a scientific taxonomy should provide. Given the growing use of the ICF/ICF-CY globally, a priority for the revision process should be to determine if there is in fact need for “personal” or any other factors in the ICF/ICF-CY.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 36, no 25, 2187-2194 p.
Keyword [en]
classification, ICF, ICF-CY, personal factors
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23172DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2014.892638ISI: 000346060300010PubMedID: 24601863Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84916605827Local ID: HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-23172DiVA: diva2:689774
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2016-10-24Bibliographically approved

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