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Risk factors, incidence and persistence of symptoms from the eyes among professional computer users
Karolinska institutet.
University of Gothenburg.
University of Gävle.
University of Gävle.
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2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 3, 291-301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Symptoms from the eyes are common among computer users. Knowledge is scarce about these problems, however.

Objectives: The aim was to study risk-factors, incidence and persistence of eye-symptoms among professionally active computer users.

Methods: This was a questionnaire based prospective study where 1283 males and females from different professions and companies answered a baseline questionnaire about individual factors and working conditions, e.g. duration of daily computer work, comfort of screen work, psychosocial factors. Subjects were at baseline and 10 follow-ups asked about the number of days with eye-symptoms during the preceding month.

Results: The incidence-rate of symptoms persisting minimum three days was 0.38/person-year. A multivariate Hazard-ratio model showed significant associations with extended continuous computer work, tasks with high demands on eye-hand coordination, low level of control, visual discomfort, female sex and nicotine use. Eye-symptoms at baseline was a strong risk factor for new symptoms.

Conclusion: The incidence of eye-symptoms among professional computer users is high and related to both individual and work-related factors. The organization of computer work should secure frequent breaks from near-work at the computer screen. The severity of vision-related problems could in field studies be quantified by asking for the persistence of symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 47, no 3, 291-301 p.
Keyword [en]
Office work, eye strain, prospective study, visual ergonomics
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23084DOI: 10.3233/WOR-131778ISI: 000333080700002PubMedID: 24284674Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84900437723OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-23084DiVA: diva2:687314
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2016-11-04Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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