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Differences in patterns of participation in leisure activities in Swedish children with and without disabilities
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Neuropediatric Unit, Stockholm, Sweden. (CHILD)
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Neuropediatric Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9597-039X
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 6, 464-471 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To compare participation in leisure activities between Swedish children with and without disabilities and to examine whether age, gender, presence of disabilities, and mother’ seducational level influence participation.

Method: A Swedish version of the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment was used to study the diversity, intensity, and enjoyment of participation in leisure activities of children aged 6 to 17 years. Fifty-five of the children had disabilities and 337 of the children did not have disabilities. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to explore the impact of age, gender, mother’s level of education, and disability on the diversity, intensity, and enjoyment of leisure activities. At-test for independent samples was used to compare the diversity and intensity of participation between children withand without disabilities.

Results: The multiple regression analysis explained 4–36% of the variance of diversity, intensity, and enjoyment. Children with disabilities participated with higher diversity, but with less intensity, than children without disabilities. Younger children had higher levels of enjoyment.

Conclusions: Children with disabilities participated in several different activities, but the presence of a disability was associated with lower intensity ofparticipation. The low explanatory value of the investigated variables indicates that the combined effect of several variables needs to be taken into consideration when designing participation interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 36, no 6, 464-471 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, CAPE, children, participation, recreational activities
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22857DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.798360ISI: 000333584400004PubMedID: 23738616Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897830808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-22857DiVA: diva2:681255
Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-19 Last updated: 2017-02-21Bibliographically approved

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