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Closed chain simulations of a cast aluminium component - Incorporating casting process simulation and local material characterization into stress-strain simulations
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2671-9825
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
2014 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, E-ISSN 1347-5460, Vol. 54, no 2, 259-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coupling between simulations of solidification, microstructure and local mechanical behaviour and simulation of stress-strain behaviour is studied by applying a recently developed simulation strategy to a high pressure die cast aluminium component. In the simulation strategy, named a closed chain of simulations for cast components, the mechanical behaviour throughout the component is determined locally by a casting process simulation. The entire casting process, including mould filling and solidification, is simulated to predict the formation of microstructure and residual stresses throughout the component, and material characterization models are applied to relate microstructural features to local elastic and plastic mechanical material behaviour. The local material behaviour is incorporated into a finite element method (FEM) stress-strain simulation of a realistic load case of the component in service.

In the current contribution the influences of local variations in mechanical behaviour and residual stresses on the component behaviour are investigated. The simulation results for local microstructure and mechanical behaviour are compared to experimental results, and the predicted local mechanical behaviour is incorporated on an element level into the FEM simulation. The numerical effect of the variations in mechanical behaviour is quantified by comparing the results achieved using local behaviour and homogeneous behaviour. The influence of residual stresses predicted by the casting process simulation on the component behaviour is also studied.

The casting process simulation is found to accurately predict the local variations in microstructure throughout the component, and the local variations in mechanical behaviour are well described. The numerical results show that casting process simulation and modelling of microstructure formation, material behaviour and residual stresses are important contributions to correctly predict the behaviour of a cast aluminium component in service. This motivates the use of the proposed simulation strategy, and show the importance of incorporating materials science and casting process simulations into structural analyses of cast components. It is discussed that integration of these areas, e.g. using the closed chain of simulations, is important in order to increase the accuracy of FEM simulations and the product development efficiency in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tokyo, Japan: The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , 2014. Vol. 54, no 2, 259-265 p.
Keyword [en]
FEM simulation, Casting process simulation, Material characterization, Aluminium, High pressure die casting, HPDC., FEM simulering, Gjutsimulering, Materialkaraktärisering, Aluminium, Pressgjutning, HPDC.
National Category
Applied Mechanics Materials Engineering Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22804DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.54.259ISI: 000332682800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897052845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-22804DiVA: diva2:680993
Conference
CSSCR 2013: The 3rd International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining, Helsinki (Finland) and Stockholm (Sweden), May 20 - 23, 2013.
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Special Issue on "Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining".

Available from: 2013-12-19 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2017-08-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Simulation of Microstructure-based Mechanical Behaviour of Cast Components
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulation of Microstructure-based Mechanical Behaviour of Cast Components
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the process of developing cast iron and cast aluminium components, a high level of co-operation between product development and production is of great importance. From an engineering standpoint, this co-operation is limited early in the product development phase by e.g. a lack of established methods for the consideration of local variations in the mechanical behaviour of a finished component.

This thesis aims to increase the possibilities for co-operation between product development and production during the product realisation process by introducing and studying the use of predicted local mechanical behaviour in structural analyses of cast components. A literature review of existing simulation methods and a work on characterisation of mechanical behaviour from microstructural features have been performed to identify important knowledge gaps. A simulation strategy has been formulated which is able to predict local mechanical behaviour throughout the entire component, and to incorporate this into a Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation of the structural behaviour of the component. In the simulation strategy, componentspecific microstructure-based mechanical behaviour is predicted using a casting process simulation. A computer program was developed to create FEM material definitions which capture the local variations in mechanical behaviour throughout the component. Using a material reduction technique, the local mechanical behaviour can be incorporated without increasing the FEM simulation time.

The relevance of the simulation strategy was experimentally verified on cast aluminium samples, where the strain field was observed using Digital Image Correlation (DIC). It was found that the local variations in mechanical behaviour cause a stress-strain distribution that deviates from that predicted by a homogeneous material description, indicating the importance of calculating with and including such variations in material behaviour in FEM simulations. Numerical investigations demonstrate the strategy’s relevance for predicting the behaviour of cast aluminium and ductile iron components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 2014. 51 p.
Series
JTH Dissertation Series, 3
Keyword
Component behaviour, structural analysis, mechanical behaviour, casting process simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-23695 (URN)978-91-87289-04-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-09, E1405, Tekniska Högskolan, Gjuterigatan 5, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2014-04-14Bibliographically approved

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