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The determination of the effective attenuation coefficient from effective organ depth and modulation transfer function in gamma camera imaging
Göteborgs universitet.
1997 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 42, no 10, 1957-1964 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Absolute measurement of activity implies a determination of effective depths and effective attenuation coefficients. In order to define restoration filters, it is necessary to measure the transfer function, i.e. position a line source at an effective depth for the specific measurement situation. A phantom was designed which can simulate an organ with a certain thickness at a certain depth. The phantom was used to measure transfer functions and a comparison was made with transfer functions from a line source to determine effective depths. Effective attenuation coefficients were calculated for 99mTc, 111In and 201Tl for different organ thicknesses and depths of simulated organs. The effective attenuation coefficient for 99mTc was found to be 0.124 +/- 0.006 cm-1, in good agreement with previously published values. For 111In, the attenuation coefficient decreased with the depth of an organ due to the use of two energy windows in the measurements and a corresponding change in mean photon energy by depth. For 201Tl, the attenuation coefficient decreased with increasing organ thickness due to the increasing fraction of scattered radiation in the 40% energy window used. Using attenuation coefficients of 0.124, 0.184 and 0.11 cm-1 for 99mTc, 201Tl and 111In respectively, the derived equations can be used to calculate the position of a conventional line source for measurements of transfer functions for a specific organ with a certain thickness at a certain depth for definition of different types of restoration filter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 42, no 10, 1957-1964 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22710DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/42/10/009PubMedID: 9364591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-22710DiVA: diva2:678804
Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2014-03-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Methos used in quality assurance and optimization in nuclear medicine imaging and imaging systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methos used in quality assurance and optimization in nuclear medicine imaging and imaging systems
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2004. 66 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22715 (URN)91-628-6218-9 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2014-03-04Bibliographically approved

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