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Management of design information in the production system design process
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For manufacturing companies active on the global market, high-performance production systems that contribute to the growth and competitiveness of the company are essential. Among a wide range of industries it is increasingly acknowledged that superior production system capabilities are crucial for competitive success. However, the process of designing the production system has received little attention, ignoring its potential for gaining a competitive edge. Designing production systems in an effective and efficient manner is advantageous as it supports the possibility to achieve the best possible production system in a shorter time. One way to facilitate the design of the production system is an effective management of design information. Without managing design information effectively in the production system design process the consequences may be devastating including delays, difficulties in production ramp-up, costly rework, and productivity losses.

The objective of the research presented in this thesis is to develop knowledge that will contribute to an effective management of design information when designing production systems. The empirical data collection rests on a multiple-case study method and a survey in which the primary data derive from two industrialization projects at a supplier in the automotive industry. Each industrialization project involved the design of a new production system.

The findings revealed ten categories of design information to be used throughout the process of designing production systems. The identified design information categories are grouped in the following way: (1) design information that minimizes the risk of sub-optimization; (2) design information that ensures an alignment with the requirements placed by the external context; (3) design information that ensures an alignment with the requirements placed by the internal context, and (4) design information that facilitates advancements in the design work. In order to improve the management of the broad variety of design information required, a framework is developed. The framework confirms the necessity to consider the management of design information as a multidimensional construct consisting of the acquiring, sharing, and using of information. Further, the framework is based on six characteristics that influence the management of design information. These characteristics are information type, source of information, communication medium, formalization, information quality, and pragmatic information. Supported by the findings, guidelines for the management of design information are outlined to facilitate an effective and efficient design of the production system and thus contribute to better production systems. The guidelines are of value to those responsible for or involved in the design of production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mälardalen University , 2012.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20312ISBN: 978-91-7485-059-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-20312DiVA: diva2:592090
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting
2009 (English)In: 3rd International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production (CARV 2009), Munich, Germany, October 5th - 7th, 2009: Proceedings, München: Herbert Utz Verlag GMbH , 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Proactive behaviour of an assembly operator can be essential in a complex and uncertain work context, where it is not longer possible to anticipate and predefine all possible work situations an operator has to handle. Access to correct and essential information is a critical means to support proactive behaviour. This paper clarifies information requirements of a proactive assembly work setting by analysing the information needed of an assembly operator to anticipate and prepare the work system for external and internal changes. The results show that proactive behaviour is above all related to the access to information answering why and what-questions. Additionally, the expertise of the assembly operator refers to the control behaviour performed by the operator and determines the amount of information needed by the assembly operator. Finally, for information to be experienced as useful by the operator, it has to fulfil various criteria determining information quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
München: Herbert Utz Verlag GMbH, 2009
Keyword
Proactive behaviour, Information, Assembly, Uncertainty, Change
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-10730 (URN)978-3-8316-0933-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-26 Created: 2009-10-26 Last updated: 2013-01-22Bibliographically approved
2. Dual Perspective on information exchange between design and manufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dual Perspective on information exchange between design and manufacturing
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of Iced11: Design Information and Knowledge, Vol. 6, Glasgow Design Society , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the exchange of information between the design and manufacturing interface from both perspectives in order to ensure interdepartmental integration and improve the performance of new product development projects. Based on two in-depth case studies, this article illustrates that there are differences in the type of information transferred between design and manufacturing as well as how this information is shared. While design engineers ask for feedback to their work regarding both the product and the project, relies the production system designer heavily on feed-forward information concerning the product per se. For effective new product development, it seems however beneficial that design engineers also should give feedback to the production system concept. The implication is that project managers need to carefully consider how to improve the sharing of information upstream in new product development projects and what communication medium to apply to transfer the information between design and manufacturing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow Design Society, 2011
Keyword
Interface management, Information sharing, Product design, Production system design
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15887 (URN)9781904670261 (ISBN)
Conference
The 18th International Conference on Engineering Design ICED11
Available from: 2011-08-19 Created: 2011-08-19 Last updated: 2013-01-22Bibliographically approved
3. Design information for efficient equipment supplier/buyer integration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design information for efficient equipment supplier/buyer integration
2012 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 23, no 4, 484-502 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the underlying design information and success factors for production equipment acquisition, in order to support the design of high-performance production systems.

Design/methodology/approach – The research strategy employed was an in-depth case study of an industrialization project, together with a questionnaire of 25 equipment suppliers.

Findings – The study provides the reader with an insight into the role of design information when acquiring production equipment by addressing questions such as: What type of information is used? How do equipment suppliers obtain information? What factors facilitate a smooth production system acquisition?

Research limitations/implications – Limitations are primarily associated with the chosen research methodology, which requires further empirical studies to establish a generic value.

Practical implications – The implications are that manufacturing companies have to transfer various types of design information with respect to the content and kind of information. More attention has to be placed on what information is transferred to ensure that equipment suppliers receive all the information needed to design and subsequently build the production equipment. To facilitate integration of equipment suppliers, manufacturing companies should appoint a contact person who can gather, understand and transform relevant design information.

Originality/value – External integration of equipment suppliers in production system design by means of design information is an area that has been rarely addressed in academia and industry.

National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20308 (URN)10.1108/17410381211230448 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-09-05Bibliographically approved
4. Creating a competitive edge when designing production systems: facilitating the sharing of design information
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating a competitive edge when designing production systems: facilitating the sharing of design information
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Services Sciences, ISSN 1753-1454, Vol. 4, no 3-4, 257-276 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When designing production systems, design information must be shared among functions at the manufacturing company and the external equipment supplier in order to integrate the various work activities. In this paper, factors facilitating the sharing of design information are analysed based on an in-depth case study of a supplier in the automotive industry. First, our findings show that the sharing of design information is promoted by formalisation. Second, informal coordination mechanisms are more crucial for internal integration between specialised functions than for external integration with the equipment supplier. Finally, our findings indicate that personal and language barriers appear more difficult to overcome than organisational bounds or geographical distance. Altogether, the findings provide strong evidence for the importance of sharing design information when designing more sophisticated production systems.

Keyword
design information, information sharing, production system design process, integration, manufacturing industry
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20309 (URN)10.1504/IJSSCI.2012.051061 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-09-05Bibliographically approved
5. Characteristics affecting management of design information in the production system design process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characteristics affecting management of design information in the production system design process
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 51, no 11, 3241-3251 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it has been argued that the design of production systems is crucial, there is a general lack of empirical studies analysing and identifying resources and capabilities required for an efficient production system design process. One of these resources is the critical role attributed to design information and one such capability is how the design information is managed. To address this research gap, this paper reports the results from two in-depth case studies in the automotive industry focusing on the management of design information in the production system design process. Our results show that design information management needs to be understood as a multidimensional concept having three dimensions: acquiring, sharing and using design information. By focusing on the three dimensions, six characteristics affecting the management of design information when designing the production system are identified. The characteristics are information type, source of information, communication medium, formalisation, information quality and pragmatic information.

Keyword
case study, characteristics, information management, manufacturing industry, production system design
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20310 (URN)10.1080/00207543.2012.755273 (DOI)2-s2.0-84874464972 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-08-08Bibliographically approved
6. Information Management for Production System Design with a New Portfolio Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Management for Production System Design with a New Portfolio Approach
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Production Research: Innovation in Product and Production, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An effective management of information is vital for successful development of new products. However, knowledge is lacking about the management of information during production system design and its effects on innovation. This exploratory case study in the automotive industry furthers understanding of how management of information contributes to the design of robust and dynamic production systems that can handle changing production situations. The results from the case study indicate that the management of information should consider requirements of current and future production system generations facilitating a conscious planning of a production systems portfolio that corresponds to the product portfolio. This approach allows for new ways of designing production system concepts and production technology solutions, which also can accelerate the innovation capabilities of the manufacturing company.

Keyword
Information management, production system, automotive industry, portfolio, integration
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-15738 (URN)
Conference
21st International Conference on Production Research
Available from: 2011-08-08 Created: 2011-08-08 Last updated: 2013-01-22

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