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A cross-cultural perspective on aging and memory: Comparisons between Bangladesh and Sweden
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
Division of Nursing, NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8212-823X
2012 (English)In: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0252, E-ISSN 2046-0260, Vol. 1, no 2, 69-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most studies on cognitive aging have been conducted in high-income countries (mainly on Western populations). The main aim of this study was to compare the relative importance of predictors of episodic and semantic memory performance in older people (≥ 60years) from Bangladesh (n = 400) and Sweden (n = 1,098). Hierarchical regression models were used in order to study the importance of some commonly used predictors in the two countries. A main finding was that variations in age did not have much impact on episodic and semantic memory performance in Bangladesh. Instead, sex was a strong predictor for semantic memory performance. In Sweden this pattern was reversed. In the Western world, chronological age is believed to be strongly associated with memory performance in cross-sectional studies, particularly in people greater than 60 years of age. This study indicates that the difference between the two countries (in relative importance of the predictors included in this study) is mainly due to the fact that years of education is connected to age in the Western world but to sex in Bangladesh. It remains to be examined whether earlier selective survival is also responsible for the relative absence of cognitive age differences in Bangladesh.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1, no 2, 69-81 p.
Keyword [en]
cognitive aging, cross-cultural comparison, episodic memory, selective survival, semantic memory
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20178DOI: 10.1002/pchj.14OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-20178DiVA: diva2:582343
Available from: 2013-01-04 Created: 2013-01-04 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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