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Oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos patienter med dentala implantat: en enkätstudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Oral health- related quality of life in patients with dental implants : a questionnaire study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna enkätstudie var att kartlägga hur dental implantatbehandling påverkar livskvaliteten avseende upplevd tuggförmåga, smak, talet, utseendet och munhygienvanor samt själförtroendet.

Material och metod: En empirisk enkätstudie med kvantitativ ansats utfördes på tre olika tandkliniker i Stockholm under perioden feb - april 2012. Enkät med följebrev och frankerat svarskuvert sändes ut genom konsekutivt urval till 83 patienter. Fyrtio patienter varav 15 män och 25 kvinnor, med medelåldrar 66,5 år (34 – 89 år), valde att delta i studien. Analys av svaren utfördes i statistikprogrammet IBM® SPSS® 19.

Resultat: Andelen deltagare som upplevde en förbättring i upplevd tuggförmåga uppgick till 42,5 %, talet och smaken upplevdes inte ha förändrats av 85,0 % efter implantatbehandling. Vad gäller utseendet upplevde 27,5 % att det hade blivit bättre och 62,5 % att det inte var någon förändring. Det var 22,5 % som upplevde att självförtroendet hade blivit bättre, medan 75,0 % av deltagarna inte upplevde en förändring i självförtroendet efter implantatbehandlingen. Majoriteten (85,0 %) av deltagarna tyckte inte att deras sociala liv hade förändrats efter behandlingen, medan 7,5 % av patienterna rapporterade att det hade blivit bättre. I resultatet kunde noteras att 17,5 % av patienterna tyckte att det var enklare/lättare att utföra munhygienen medan 75,0 % upplevde ingen förändring med att utföra munhygien efter implantatbehandlingen.

Konklusion: En förbättring i oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet avseende alla studerade faktorer kunde ses hos en del patienter efter implantatbehandling. Flertalet patienter upplever dock ingen förändring i oral hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this survey study was to identify how dental implant treatment affects quality of life regarding chewing ability, taste, speech, appearance, oral hygiene habits, and self-confidence.

Materials and methods: An empirical survey study with quantitative data was performed on three different dental clinics in Stockholm during the time period Feb - April 2012. Questionnaire with a covering letter and stamped envelope was sent to a consecutive sample of 83 patients. Participants, 40 patients, 15 men and 25 women, mean age 66.5 years (34 - 89), voluntarily chose to participate in the study. Analyses of responses were performed in statistical software IBM ® SPSS ® 19.

Results: The proportion of participants who experienced an improvement in perceived chewing ability was 42,5 %, speech and the taste was perceived not to have changed by 85,0 % after dental implant treatment. Regarding the appearance, 27,5 % said it had improved and 62,5 % that there was no change. There were 22,5 % who felt that their self- confidence had improved, while 75,0 % of participants did not experience a change in self- confidence after dental implant treatment. The majority (85,0 %) of participants did not think their social life had changed after treatment, while 7,5 % of patients reported that it had become better. The result could be noted that 17,5 % of patients found it simpler/ easier to perform oral hygiene while 75,0 % experienced no change in the performance of oral hygiene after dental implant treatment.

Conclusion: An improvement in oral health- related quality of life for all studied factors could be observed in some patients after dental implant treatment. Most patients experience no change in oral health- related quality of life after dental implant treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 49 p.
Keyword [en]
dental implants, oral health, quality of life, questionnaire
Keyword [sv]
frågeformulär, levnadsvanor, munhälsa, tandimplantat
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-19877DiVA: diva2:571885
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-02-18 Created: 2012-11-26 Last updated: 2016-06-17Bibliographically approved

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