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On the median regression for SURE models with applications to 3-generation immigrants data in Sweden
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
2011 (English)In: Economic Modelling, ISSN 0264-9993, E-ISSN 1873-6122, Vol. 28, no 6, 2566-2578 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we generalize the median regression method to be applicable to system of regression equations, in particular SURE models. Giving the existence of proper system wise medians of the residuals from different equations, we apply the weighted median regression with the weights obtained from the covariance matrix of the equations obtained from ordinary SURE method. The benefit of this model in our case is that the SURE estimators utilise the information present in the cross regression (or equations) error correlation and hence more efficient than other estimation methods like the OLS method. The Seemingly Unrelated Median Regression Equations (SUMRE) models produce results that are more robust than the usual SURE or single equations OLS estimation when the distributions of the dependent variables are not normally distributed or the data are associated with outliers. Moreover, the results are also more efficient than is the cases of single equations median regressions when the residuals from the different equations are correlated. A theorem is derived and indicates that even if there is no statistically significant correlation between the equations, using SUMRE model instead of SURE models will not damage the estimation of parameters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 28, no 6, 2566-2578 p.
Keyword [en]
Median regression, SURE models, Robustness, Efficiency
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19672DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2011.07.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-19672DiVA: diva2:562229
Available from: 2012-10-23 Created: 2012-10-23 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Median and Ridge Estimation of SURE Models
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Median and Ridge Estimation of SURE Models
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral dissertation is a progressive generalization of some of the robust estimation methods in order to make those methods applicable to the estimation of the Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equations (SURE) models. The robust methods are each of the Least Absolute Deviations (LAD) estimation method, also known as the median regression, and the ridge estimation method. The first part of the dissertation consists of a brief explanation of the LAD and the ridge methods. The contribution of this investigation to the statistical methodology is focused on in the second part of the dissertation, which consists of 5 articles.

The first article is a generalization of the median regression to the estimation of the SURE models. The proposed methodology is compared with each of the Generalized Least Squares (GLS) method and the median regression of individual regression equations.

The second article generalizes the median regression on the conventional multivariate regression analysis, i.e., the SURE models with the same design matrices of the equations. The results are compared with the median regression of individual regression equations and the conventionally used OLS estimation method for such models (which is equivalent to the GLS estimation, as well).

In the third article, the author develops ridge estimation for the median regression. Some properties and the asymptotic distribution of the estimator presented are investigated, as well. An empirical example is used to assess the performance of the new methodology.

In the fourth article, the properties of some biasing parameters used in the literature for ridge regression are investigated when they are used for the new methodology proposed in the third article.

In the last article, the methodologies of the four preceding articles are assembled in a more generalized methodology to develop the ridge-type estimation of the LAD method for the SURE models. This article has also provided an opportunity to investigate the behavior of some biasing parameters for the SURE models, which were previously used by some researchers in a non-SURE context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School, 2012. 159 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 083
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-19681 (URN)978-91-86345-36-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-11-16, B1014 at JIBS, Högskoleområdet Gjuterigatan 5, Jönköping, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-10-24 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved

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