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Porosity formation and gas bubble retention in laser metal deposition
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0101-0062
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).
Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech).
2009 (English)In: Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, ISSN 0947-8396, E-ISSN 1432-0630, Vol. 97, no 3, 641-649 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the inherent problems associated with laser metal deposition using gas-assisted powder transfer is the formation of porosity, which can be detrimental to the mechanical properties of the bulk material. In this work, a comprehensive investigation of porosity is carried out using gas atomised Inconel 718 powder. In the analysis, a clear distinction is made between two types of porosity; namely lack of fusion and gas porosity. The results show that the two types of porosity are attributed by different factors. The gas porosity, which is more difficult to eliminate than the lack of fusion, can be as high as 0.7%. The study shows that the gas porosity is dependent on the process parameters and the melt pool dynamics. The flotation of entrapped gas bubbles was analysed, showing that in a stationary melt pool the gas would be retained by Marangoni-driven flow. The overall Marangoni-driven flow of the melt pool is in the order of five times higher than the flotation effect, and this is the reason why the melt pool geometry would tend to dominate the flow direction of the gas bubbles. Through optimisation, the gas porosity can be reduced to 0.037%. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 97, no 3, 641-649 p.
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16640DOI: 10.1007/s00339-009-5266-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-16640DiVA: diva2:454460
Available from: 2011-11-07 Created: 2011-11-07 Last updated: 2015-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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