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Mortality of treated alcoholics after eight years in relation to  short-term outcome
Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö, Lunds Universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8158-0486
Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för klinisk alkoholforskning, Malmö.
1997 (English)In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, ISSN 0735-0414, E-ISSN 1464-3502, Vol. 32, no 5, 573-579 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study concerns the relation between mortality and the short-term outcome of inpatient treatment for alcoholism. A total of 121 patients (87 men, 34 women) were included, of whom 89 were voluntary and 32 compulsorily committed. They had a mean age of 41±7 (SD) years and attended a 5-week programme at Runnagården, Örebro, Sweden. Most patients were socially unstable and severely alcohol-dependent. Ten months (mean) after discharge, 96% of the patients and their referring social workers were contacted with mail questionnaires. Of these patients, 13% had been totally abstinent and a further 42% improved but had had relapses. After a mean of 8.5±0.27 years, 27 patients (24%) had died. All abstainers survived, but non-abstainers had nine-fold higher mortality than expected. Non-abstinent improved women tended to survive longer than non-improved women, but among non-abstinent improved men no such tendency was found. In conclusion, a reduction in the frequency and quantity of abusive drinking was not enough to reduce the higher risk of death. Only abstinence seemed to be preventive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 32, no 5, 573-579 p.
National Category
Psychiatry Social Work Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16141PubMedID: 9373699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-16141DiVA: diva2:442823
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2015-12-09Bibliographically approved

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