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Compulsory Commitment to Care of Substance Misusers: A Worldwide Comparative Analysis of the Legislation
Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. (Socialt arbete)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8158-0486
2010 (English)In: The Open Addiction Journal, ISSN 1874-9410, Vol. 3, no 1, 117-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the worldwide use of compulsory commitment to care (CCC) at the end of the 20th century and evaluates the implementation of WHO recommendations since the 1960s. Based on three WHO reports, the legislation of 90 countries and territories are analyzed, and types as well as predictors of such legislation are analyzed in multivariate models from country characteristics. Laws on CCC for alcohol and drug misusers are common all over the world; more than 80 percent of the countries and territories studied have such laws. The majority use civil commitment – acute or rehabilitative – in accordance with welfare logic, while a large minority still uses commitment under criminal law, based on a moral logic. Civil CCC is positively related to strong economies or having been part of the Soviet legal system. CCC under criminal law is negatively related to the same factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 3, no 1, 117-130 p.
National Category
Social Work Substance Abuse Psychiatry Law and Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-16126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-16126DiVA: diva2:442747
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2015-12-09Bibliographically approved

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