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Det svenska kapitalkravet underminerat och förlegat?: En jämförande studie av den svenska och engelska bolagsrätten i ljuset av etableringsfriheten
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
2005 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
The Swedish legal capital regime undermined and outdated? : A comparative study of Swedish and English Company Law in the light of the freedom of establishment (English)
Abstract [en]

The harmonization within EC Company Law has been relativley successful. Despite its relative success; important differences still remains in European company law.

The freedom of establishment itself, and the ECJ’s interpretation of the freedom provides European companies with a substantial cross-border mobility. As a consequence of this mobility, together with the differences in national legislation; mandatory rules in company law can be easily evaded. A typical example of this is that a Swedish enterprise, by running their business through a British private limited company, can escape the Swedish legislation on capital contributions when forming a company with limited liability for its members. These rules are thereby undermined.

The fact that these, otherwise mandatory, rules can be evaded should result in a questioning of their existence. The main purpose of rules on minimal capital contributions is to safeguard the interests of the creditors of the company. The analysis in this thesis shows that the Swedish legal capital regime is very unlikley to fulfill its purpose. The alternative, English company law, can in various aspects be seen as more efficient.

Abstract [sv]

Den gemenskapsrättsliga harmoniseringsprocessen har på bolagsrättens område varit relativt framgångsrik. Trots detta går det i dagsläget inte att tala om någon konform europeisk bolagsrätt. Betydande skillnader kvarstår mellan de nationella bolagsrättsliga regelverken.

Den EG-rättsliga etableringsfriheten, och EG-domstolens tolkning av densamma, innebär att de europeiska företagen ges ett relativt stort mått av gränsöverskridande rörelsefrihet. En följd av denna mobilitet tillsammans med skillnaderna i de nationella regelverken är att tvingande nationell bolagsrättslig lagstiftning relativt

enkelt kan kringgås. Ett typexempel på detta är att svenska företagare, genom att bedriva sin verksamhet i ett engelskt aktiebolag, kan undgå det svenska kravet på tillskjutande av ett minsta aktiekapital vid bildandet av ett privat aktiebolag. Det svenska kapitalkravet kan därmed sägas vara underminerat.

Blott det faktum att det svenska kapitalkravet underminerats innebär att dess existens bör ifrågasättas. Syftet med kapitalkravet är främst att skydda borgenärernas intressen i bolagen. Mot bakgrund av vad som framkommer i denna uppsats kan det svenska kapitalkravets effektivitet betvivlas. Alternativet, den engelska bolagsrätten, kan ur en rad aspekter sägas vara mer ändamålsenlig.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 81 p.
Keyword [en]
Company Law, EC-Law, Freedom of Establishment, Legal capital, Share capital, Creditor protection
Keyword [sv]
Bolagsrätt, EG-rätt, Etableringsfrihet, Forumshopping, Kapitalkrav, Aktiekapital, Aktiebolag, Borgenärsskydd
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-168DiVA: diva2:3869
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Examiners
Available from: 2005-06-30 Created: 2005-06-30

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