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Dental anxiety and temperament in 15-year olds
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
Odontologiska Institutionen, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Dental anxiety has a major impact on oral health and general quality of life. Previously, some studies have shown an association between dental anxiety and temperament among children and adults. However, there is a lack of cohort studies which have investigated a possible relationship in adolescents. The aim of the present study was to analyse the prevalence of dental anxiety and its association with temperament (EASI - emotionality, activity, sociability, impulsivity), sociodemographic factors and previous painful and unpleasant experiences of dental care among 15-year old individuals.

Methods: The sample included 263 randomly selected 15-year old individuals living in the municipality of Jönköping, Sweden. The school, parental and adolescent consent was acquired. Because no sensitive nor clinical procedures were performed on the 15-year olds, no ethic approval was necessary. Three self-reported questionnaires were used, one included items of sociodemography, while the others dealt with dental anxiety assessed by the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and temperament assessed by an adapted version of “The EAS Temperament Survey for Children” now composed of 25 items, which has been modified for adults, the EASI temperament survey. SPSS 16.0 was used for statistical analysis with T-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, Pearson correlation and Hierarchical multiple regression.

Results: The results showed that 6.5 % of the adolescents were classified as dentally anxious and with girls proportionally more fearful than boys. The three temperaments activity, impulsivity and emotionality were significantly correlated with dental anxiety. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that pain at the last dental appointment or previous pain experiences during dental care treatment were the strongest predictors regarding dental anxiety in 15-year olds. The temperament dimensions activity and impulsivity had also statistically significant correlations to dental anxiety in this regression analysis.

Conclusions: Although some of the temperament dimensions are correlated with dental anxiety, this study showed that previous pain experiences during dental care treatment is a strong predictor for high dental anxiety in 15-year olds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-14152OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-14152DiVA: diva2:381818
Note
Bland 170 inskickade abstract valdes denna poster ut till en bland de 20 bästa. En poster som presenterades på en internationell konferens i Glasgow 2010 för tandhygienisterAvailable from: 2010-12-28 Created: 2010-12-28

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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Language
  • de-DE
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