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How does accessibility to knowledge sources affect the innovativeness of corporations?: evidence from Sweden
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
Lund University.
2005 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, Vol. 39, no 4, 741-765 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-1994. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from 1) the own corporation, 2) other corporations, and 3) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation's research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations' research is important for a corporation's innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 39, no 4, 741-765 p.
Keyword [en]
accessibility, private and university R&D, patents, spillovers, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-6526DOI: 10.1007/s00168-005-0025-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-6526DiVA: diva2:37673
Available from: 2008-10-10 Created: 2008-10-10 Last updated: 2016-10-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Perspectives on regional and industrial dynamics of innovation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on regional and industrial dynamics of innovation
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of five essays in the field of innovation economics, with an introductory chapter. The focus is mainly empirical with four of the five chapters consisting of studies of aspects of Swedish innovation activity. These empirical chapters are an endeavor to quantify aspects of the effects of the public-good property of knowledge. To this effect, innovation indicators were collected regarding industrial and firm research and development (R&D); regional indicators were collected using business and university R&D and records of patent applications and granted patents assigned to Swedish regions using the residential location of inventors.

The first essay studies the productive effect (total factor productivity) of R&D on Swedish firms and the effect that R&D can be expected to have on other firms. The second essay analyzes, with corporate groups as the unit of observation, the effect of accessibility to R&D in universities, and in other groups’ R&D on the innovative capability of the individual group. The third essay tries to characterize the extent to which Swedish regions are specialized or diverse. This is summarized in a single variable which is used to test the effect on innovative activity as measured by the number of patent applications. The fourth essay, the theoretical study of the thesis, constructs a two-region model with two firms residing in each. The incentives for doing process R&D are worked out by agglomerating consumers in one of the regions, and by changing interregional accessibility. The sixth essay studies Swedish inventor networks and regional affinity based on networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Internationella Handelshögskolan, 2004. 181 p.
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 024
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-175 (URN)91-89164-53-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-12-10, Sal B103, Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping, 10:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-12-10 Created: 2004-12-10 Last updated: 2016-10-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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