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Decentralization of Educational Managment in Vietnam
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
2005 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis analyzes the state of educational decentralization in Vietnam with the purpose to analyze how education has been decentralized in Vietnam; and if it has been in accordance with the purpose of the international development institution present in Vietnam.

The thesis presents a theoretical framework over public decentralization and educational decentralization. The theoretical framework builds the base for the case study and the final discussion. The case study is undertaken as interviews with four different Departments of Education and Training in four different provinces and three different development organizations included in the process of educational decentralization in Vietnam.

The results from the case study show that a decentralization of education has been undertaken in Vietnam. However, the decentralization has only been in the form of spatial decentralization, transferring responsibility and authority to lower levels of government, and has not decentralized decision-making authority to the Departments of Education and Training. The political sphere has not matched the decentralization of education with financial decentralization and has not increased the capacity within the Department of Education and Training. This lack of financial decentralization and capacity-building has provided a situation where the political sphere still keeps the decision-making authority over education. The development organizations on the other hand are pretty satisfied that decentralization of education has taken place in Vietnam. However, it has not met the purposes of the development organiza-tions.

Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats analyserar det aktuella tillståndet av utbildningsdecentralisering i Vietnam. Syftet är att analysera hur utbildning har blivit decentraliserat i Vietnam och hur denna decentralisering överrensstämmer med det uttalade syftet av de internationella utvecklingsinstitutionerna.

Uppsatsen presenterar en grundläggande teoretisk ram som behandlar offentlig administrativ decentralisering samt utbildningsdecentralisering. Denna teoretiska ram ligger till grund för uppsatsens fallstudie och dess avslutande diskussion.

Fallstudien i denna uppsats är gjord i intervjuform med fyra ”Department of Education and Training” samt tre internationella utvecklingsinstitutioner som medverkar i decentraliserings-processen av utbildning i Vietnam. Dessa intervjuer visar att utbildning har blivit decentraliserat i Vietnam. Dock har denna decentralisering endast flyttat beslutandemakt över utbildning till de lägre politiska nivåerna utan att ge ”Department of Education and Training” någon ökad frihet att ta individuella beslut. Den politiska sfären i Vietnam har på så sätt lyckats att decentralisera utbildning utan att ge ifrån sig politisk makt. Detta har skett genom att utbild-ningsdecentraliseringen inte har kombinerats med finansiell decentralisering samt att ”Department of Education and Training” inte har kontroll över sin egen kompetensutveckling.

Detta har lett till att en officiell decentralisering har ägt rum av utbildning i Vietnam. Dock har denna decentralisering inte främjat syftet uttalat av decentraliseringsteorin eller de interna-tionella utvecklingsinstitutionerna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , p. 95
Keywords [en]
Decentralization, Education, Vietnam
Keywords [sv]
Decentralisering, Utbildning, Vietnam
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-130DiVA, id: diva2:3757
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Examiners
Available from: 2005-06-22 Created: 2005-06-22 Last updated: 2018-01-12

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