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Perceptions of life balance among a working population in Sweden
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3594-4805
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
Inst för psykologi, Göteborgs universitet.
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2011 (English)In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 21, no 3, 410-418 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A life in balance is commonly related to health and well-being. However, our knowledge regarding the perceptions of life balance among the general population is limited. Our aim was to explore the perception of life balance among working people without recent long-term sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted with 7 men and 12 women and analyzed according to grounded theory, aiming at achieving a description. The results showed that life balance includes four interrelated dimensions: activity balance, balance in body and mind, balance in relation to others, and time balance. Life balance was regarded by the participants as health related, promoted by a sense of security, and affected by context and individual strategies. Life balance was also seen as being individually defined and dynamic. The results indicate that the perceptions of life balance might be quite general because they show similarities with previous research on different populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 21, no 3, 410-418 p.
Keyword [en]
grounded theory, health and well-being, health promotion, interviews
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13612DOI: 10.1177/1049732310379240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-13612DiVA: diva2:358661
Available from: 2010-10-23 Created: 2010-10-23 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Conceptualizing life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Although it is an important concept in occupational therapy, there is a need for further knowledge about life balance. This thesis explores the concept oflife balance - how people think about it and how it is used in occupational therapy.

Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to conceptualize life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective in order to contribute to knowledge regarding the use of the concept in occupational therapy. The specific aims were to:

  • explore the perceptions of life balance among working people who had not recently been on long-term sick leave
  • explore what is considered important for life balance and whether or not this differs between people
  • use perceptions of life balance data from men and women in a healthy population to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance
  • clarify the content in the concept of occupational balance as used within published articles related to occupational therapy

Methods: In Study I, 19 participants were interviewed about their perceptions of lifebalance. In Study II, 32 participants sorted statements about life balance according to their importance. In Study III, data from Study I were reanalysed in relation to Matuska and Christiansen’s Model of Lifestyle Balance. In Study IV a concept analysis of occupational balance in occupational therapy was conducted, encompassing 43 articles.

Results: Life balance was shown to be a subjective, dynamic, health-related and multidimensional concept. Similarities and differences between what the participants consider to be important for their life balance were revealed. Occupational balance was, in the concept analysis, shown to be a subjectively defined perception of having the right amount and variation of occupations.

Conclusions: The results of the thesis indicate that life balance and occupational balance are two separate concepts. While life balance includes occupational balance, it goes beyond it and also includes other aspects. Future research is requried to investigate the generality of the findings. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, 2012. 72 p.
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 25
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17220 (URN)
Public defence
2012-02-10, Forum Humanum, Barnarpsgatan 39, Jönköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-01-27 Created: 2012-01-18 Last updated: 2012-01-27Bibliographically approved

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Wagman, PetraBjörklund, AnitaHåkansson, CaritaFalkmer, Torbjörn
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