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Validating the model of lifestyle balance on a working Swedish population
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3594-4805
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, Vol. 19, no 2, 106-114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An analysis of data from a previously conducted grounded theory study exploring perceptions of life balance among 19 working adults without recent long term sick leave was carried out. The aim of this secondary analysis was to use these perceptions of life balance to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance proposed by Matuska and Christiansen. For the validation, a matrix was used. The results showed that Matuska and Christiansen's five need-based dimensions were represented by the participants’ perceptions of life balance, but also an additional aspect not included in the model. The participants stressed healthy habits in relation to sleep, exercise and eating, and good relationships as important for life balance. Furthermore, it was described as important to perceive sufficient challenge and meaningfulness in their occupations and to organize time and energy. Finally, the participants stressed financial security as important for life balance. These findings provide additional evidence of the validity of the Model of Lifestyle Balance, a model that appears to be useful in occupational science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 19, no 2, 106-114 p.
Keyword [en]
Everyday life, Health promotion, Occupational balance, Qualitative methods, Well-being
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-13610DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2011.575760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-13610DiVA: diva2:358659
Available from: 2010-10-23 Created: 2010-10-23 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Conceptualizing life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Although it is an important concept in occupational therapy, there is a need for further knowledge about life balance. This thesis explores the concept oflife balance - how people think about it and how it is used in occupational therapy.

Aim: The overall aim of the present thesis was to conceptualize life balance from an empirical and occupational therapy perspective in order to contribute to knowledge regarding the use of the concept in occupational therapy. The specific aims were to:

  • explore the perceptions of life balance among working people who had not recently been on long-term sick leave
  • explore what is considered important for life balance and whether or not this differs between people
  • use perceptions of life balance data from men and women in a healthy population to validate the Model of Lifestyle Balance
  • clarify the content in the concept of occupational balance as used within published articles related to occupational therapy

Methods: In Study I, 19 participants were interviewed about their perceptions of lifebalance. In Study II, 32 participants sorted statements about life balance according to their importance. In Study III, data from Study I were reanalysed in relation to Matuska and Christiansen’s Model of Lifestyle Balance. In Study IV a concept analysis of occupational balance in occupational therapy was conducted, encompassing 43 articles.

Results: Life balance was shown to be a subjective, dynamic, health-related and multidimensional concept. Similarities and differences between what the participants consider to be important for their life balance were revealed. Occupational balance was, in the concept analysis, shown to be a subjectively defined perception of having the right amount and variation of occupations.

Conclusions: The results of the thesis indicate that life balance and occupational balance are two separate concepts. While life balance includes occupational balance, it goes beyond it and also includes other aspects. Future research is requried to investigate the generality of the findings. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, 2012. 72 p.
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 25
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-17220 (URN)
Public defence
2012-02-10, Forum Humanum, Barnarpsgatan 39, Jönköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-01-27 Created: 2012-01-18 Last updated: 2012-01-27Bibliographically approved

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