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Outcomes of a standardized surgical and rehabilitation program in transtibial amputation for peripheral vascular disease: a prospective cohort study
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
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2010 (English)In: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, ISSN 0894-9115, E-ISSN 1537-7385, Vol. 89, no 4, 293-303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To study the outcomes of a new surgical and rehabilitation program for initial unilateral transtibial amputation in patients with peripheral vascular disease. The program consists of sagittal incision, rigid dressing, compression therapy using silicone liner, and direct manufacturing prosthetic technique. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study with 1-yr follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 217 consecutive patients with peripheral vascular disease who underwent transtibial amputation (mean age, 77 yrs; 51% diabetic; 116 could walk before amputation), 119 (55%) were fitted with a prosthesis at a median time of 41 (range, 12-147) days after amputation. Of the prosthetic recipients, 76 (64%) obtained good function with the prosthesis within 6 mos. Within 1 yr, reamputation was performed on 8.2%, and contralateral amputation was performed on 5.5%. The 90-day mortality was 24% (53 patients). The total 1-yr mortality was 40% (86 patients): 17% among patients who received a prosthesis and 67% among those who did not receive a prosthesis or had undergone reamputation. CONCLUSIONS: Following this standardized surgical and rehabilitation program, prosthetic fitting was achieved in more than half of transtibial amputees, almost two-thirds of prosthetic recipients obtained good function, and the reamputation rate was low. Comparison with outcomes of alternative strategies is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 89, no 4, 293-303 p.
Keyword [en]
Lower Limb, Amputation, Prosthetic, Mortality
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Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-12870DOI: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181cf1beePubMedID: 20134308OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-12870DiVA: diva2:342963
Available from: 2010-08-11 Created: 2010-08-11 Last updated: 2011-05-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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