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Electronic Voting; A Possible Solution for Sub-Saharan Africa?: A focus on the Ghanaian Electoral System
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

One of the major reasons for political instability in Sub-Saharan Africa originates from the way elections are conducted. Most African countries have quite a handful of electoral malpractices which lead to political instability, civil wars and low economic growth.  Electronic voting might be a solution to the election problems and thus bring in a stable political atmosphere which attracts investors.

This thesis looks at the prospects and challenges of implementing e-voting in Ghana and Sub-Saharan Africa as a solution to the current manual paper-based system and proposes a framework and requirements which can be used as guidelines for its adoption and implementation.

The thesis has been conducted by studying literature on electronic voting and Diffusion of Innovations Theory. Furthermore, a case study has been conducted on the Ghanaian electoral process, by conducting interviews with the Danquah Institute of Ghana and through questionnaires to some Ghanaian citizens in both the rural and urban areas of Ghana.

The main results from the thesis show that the adoption and subsequent implementation of e-voting in SSA countries, can only be possible if the governments show strong committment and support by securing funds through donor organizations, and providing the necessary IT infrastructure and other resources needed to support the project. Voter education too is an absolute necessity. The adoption of e-voting is mainly based on how the innovation will be diffused and the perceived benefits that will be derived from the investment. Hence, particular attention should be paid to the various communication channels, especially the media, through which messages are passed across to the citizens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Democracy, Elections, Electronic Voting (E-voting), Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-12573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-12573DiVA, id: diva2:325116
Presentation
2010-06-04, B3008, JIBS, Jönköping, 17:30 (English)
Uppsok
Technology
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Available from: 2010-06-21 Created: 2010-06-17 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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