The contact company, LRF Konsult, is a consulting firm specialized in areas of law, real estate, finance and taxation. Discussions on the subject of agricultural improvement in the area of Lean, has primarily been driven by the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry, where LRF Konsult also participated. This thesis can be seen as a preliminary study of how Lean can work within agricultural enterprises.The thesis primarily focuses on the possibilities dairy farms have to improve operations. What practical benefits they can obtain through the implementation of Lean. And how an implementation could take place.By visits to two dairy companies, and through interviewing their respective business leaders, an image of the companies activity for improvement, in connection to this thesis was established. This image is analyzed by appropriate theoretical studies and presented as two case-companies on which further discussions are based. The discussions highlights about the questions in the thesis intention.There may be substantial waste to be found and eliminated within the farms. There is however considerable effort to locate these wastages. To encourage businesses to work with problems and overcome these it requires some basic understanding of what Lean improvement efforts are. Current agricultural thinking is similar to Lean in some areas, which would ease the implementation of Lean in the current situation for the enterprises.According to the authors' conclusions, it is possible for a dairy company to work with the majority of Likers principles. However, there is a number of principles that should be reworked to be usable in a production with animals. The authors also emerged that although the companies were small, there were already links with Lean. However, there is a lack of standardized methods in their work.