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Oral health in pre-school children with asthma - followed from 3 to 6 years
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
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2010 (English)In: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, ISSN 0960-7439, E-ISSN 1365-263X, Vol. 20, no 3, 165-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate caries and its determinants in preschool children with and without asthma, followed from 3 to 6 years. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Caries, plaque, and gingivitis were examined at 3 and 6 years of age in 64 asthmatic children and 50 matched, healthy control children. Furthermore, at 6 years radiographic examination and saliva sampling were conducted. The parents were interviewed about various oral health-related factors. RESULTS: Initial caries increment between 3 and 6 years of age was statistically significant higher for children with asthma compared with children without asthma (P < 0.05). Asthmatic children had more bleeding gingivitis and a higher consumption of sugary drinks than healthy children at 3 years of age (P < 0.05). At both 3 and 6 years of age, the asthmatic children were more frequently mouth breathers than healthy children, only statistically significant for 6-year olds (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Preschool children with asthma at 3 years of age run a higher risk of developing caries lesions until 6 years of age compared with children without asthma. Children with asthma have a higher prevalence of bleeding gingivitis, a higher intake of sugary drinks and are more frequently mouth breathers than preschool children without asthma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sussex, UK: Blackwell Publishing , 2010. Vol. 20, no 3, 165-172 p.
Keyword [en]
asthma, oral health
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-12436DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01037.xPubMedID: 20409196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-12436DiVA: diva2:322810
Available from: 2010-08-10 Created: 2010-06-08 Last updated: 2010-10-14Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20409196

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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