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Poor quality of reports on informed consent in dissertation
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
2010 (English)Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Recent research has indicated that ethical concerns are insufficiently dealt with in dissertations. This study examines how research ethics and informed consent is reported in nurses’ dissertations.

Methods:  Analyses of ethical content and complexity of ethical reasoning in 64 PhD dissertations published by Swedish nurses in 2007.  

Results: All dissertations, except one, had a section on ethical considerations; however, these were short, lacking in references, and thin on content. Information and informed consent was discussed in (87% of the dissertations). A third of these dissertations explicitly mention the concept of informed consent. A substantial amount of space described the informing phase of research, including details of form of information (written and/or verbal) and type of information. While many ethical concerns, like informed consent, involve systematic concepts or metasystematic principles, the complexity of ethical reasoning in the dissertations was categorized as abstract (6% of the dissertations), formal (84%) and systematic (10%).

Conclusions : The concept and practice of informed consent is poorly reported in many dissertations. Important ethical concerns are missing and the complexity of reasoning on ethical principles, motives and implications is insufficient. This is partly due to traditions and norms that discount ethical concerns, but probably also reflect the ability of PhD-students and supervisors to handle complexity in general. It is suggested that the importance of ethical considerations is emphasized in graduate and post-graduate studies, and that individuals with capacity to deal with systematic and meta-systematic concepts are recruited to senior research positions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-12294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-12294DiVA: diva2:320683
Conference
Is Medical Ethics Really in the Best Interest of the Patient? Medical Ethics Conference, 14-16 June 2010, Uppsala Sweden.
Available from: 2010-05-26 Created: 2010-05-26 Last updated: 2011-01-05

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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