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Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos patienter med implantable cardioverter defibrillator: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health related quality of life in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva den hälsorelaterade livskvaliteten hos patienter med en implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).  Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt, där tolv vetenskapliga artiklar av kvantitativ karaktär analyserades och användes i studiens resultatdel.  Sökorden som användes var Defibrillators, Implantable, Quality of Life och health related. Inklusionskriterier var artiklar skrivna på engelska, peer-reviewed, publicerade från år 2000 och framåt samt deltagarna i dessa studier skulle vara 19 år eller äldre. I studien framkom det att ICD-patienter undvek specifika platser, objekt och fysiska aktiviteter relaterade till ICD:n. Också en oro över bilkörning framkom.  ICD-patienter utsätts för en förändring i livssituation och är i behov av stöd och individuell informationsgivning gällande deras medicintekniska anordning. Idag är största delen av forskning gjord på män, då implantationsfrekvensen är högre hos dessa. Vidare forskning är relevant och bör omfatta kvinnor, för att på så sätt kunna anpassa framtida vårdinsatser på ett individuellt plan. Vårdgivare behöver fördjupad kunskap inom detta område, då implantationsfrekvensen av ICD är ökande. Kunskap hos vårdgivare kan möjligtvis leda till en ökad hälsorelaterad livskvalitet inom denna patientgrupp.

Abstract [en]

The aim with this literature study was to describe the health related quality of life in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The study was carried out as a literature study and twelve articles, which all were of quantitative character, were analyzed and constituted the result of the study. The search words that were used were Defibrillators, Implantable, Quality of Life and health related. The criteria of inclusion were articles in English, peer-reviewed, published in 2000 to present day and the participants in these studies had to be 19 years or elder. In the study it emerged that ICD-patients avoided specific places, objects and physical activities related to the ICD. Also a concern regarding driving appeared. ICD-patients are subjects of a change in their life situation and are in need of support and individual information regarding their medicine technical device. To this date, the majority of researches are conducted on men, because of the higher implant frequency within this gender. Further researches are of importance and shall enclose the female gender, to be able to adapt the contribution of nursing on an individual level. Health care providers are in need of deepened knowledge within this area, because of the rising frequency of implantation. This knowledge might lead to a increased health related quality of life within this patient group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator, health related quality of life.
Keyword [sv]
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator, hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7834DiVA: diva2:174172
Presentation
2009-01-09, Gc 509, Barnarpsgatan 39, 551 11, Jönköping, 09:30 (Swedish)
Uppsok
medicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-02-24 Created: 2009-02-13 Last updated: 2009-02-24Bibliographically approved

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