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Oral health impact on quality of life in an adult Swedish population.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
2009 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 67, no 2, 85-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives. Oral health has a major impact on general quality of life. The aspects of oral health that are most important for each individual vary, and quality of life is a construct and not a measurable variable. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of oral health on quality of life in an adult Swedish population. Material and methods. The study comprised a stratified random sample of 519 individuals. The OHIP-14 questionnaire was used and the answers were rated on a scale of 0-4. Results. Twenty-one percent of the respondents stated that they had no oral problems related to well-being, and 79% had some form of problem related to quality of life. The mean value for the entire population was 6.4 (SD=7.1); 5.9 (SD=7.1) for men and 6.8 (SD=7.2) for women. Of individuals who stated that they had oral problems, the majority were women aged 20 years. Nineteen percent of 30-year-old men and 53% of 70-year-old women stated that they had had problems that had made life less satisfactory. Individuals who frequently experienced problems related to oral health, with scores of 16-41 points, accounted for 10%. Conclusion. In this Swedish population, a number of individuals, young and old, experienced oral problems that had an impact on their well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 67, no 2, 85-93 p.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7757OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7757DiVA: diva2:158877
Available from: 2009-02-05 Created: 2009-02-05 Last updated: 2009-03-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Oral health-related quality ofl ife in an adult population
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral health-related quality ofl ife in an adult population
2009 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim: The overall aim of this licentiate thesis was to describe and analyze oral health-related quality of life measured with OHIP-14. The thesis comprises two studies, each with a specific aim.

 

Study I: To describe oral health-related quality of life measured with OHIP-14 in an Swedish adult population

Study II: To study the relationship between oral health-related quality of life, measured with OHIP-14, and subjective as well as objective dry mouth conditions in fragile old people. Furthermore, the aim was to study the reliability and validity of a new instrument (VAS) to measure dry mouth

 

Material and methods: Study I comprised a stratified random sample of 519 individuals 20-80 years of age. In Study II, 41 randomly selected fragile old people, residents at three different community care centers, participated. In both studies, the questionnaire OHIP-14 was used for measurement of oral health-related quality of life. The participants in Study II answered a questionnaire for subjectively experienced dry mouth (VAS). For objective dry mouth measurements, saliva was absorbed into a preweighted cotton roll.

Results: In Study I, 21% of the respondents stated that they had no oral problems that had a negative impact on their well-being. In Study II, the corresponding figure was 71%. In study I the mean value for OHIP-14 was 6.4 (SD=7.1) for the entire population; 5.9 (SD=7.1) for men and 6.8 (SD=7.2) for women in. Subjects, who frequently experienced problems related to oral health, with scores ranging from 16 to 41 points, accounted for 10% of the study group. In Study II, significant associations were identified between both objectively measured respective subjectively experienced dry mouth and oral health-related quality of life. The validity of the VAS instrument was good for subjective mouth dryness, but poor for objectively measured dry mouth in fragile old people.

Conclusion: From Study I it can be concluded that, in this Swedish population, a number of individuals, both young and old, experience oral problems that have a negative impact on their well-being. From Study II, the conclusion is that dry mouth (both objective and subjective) is significantly associated with poorer oral health-related quality of life, underlining the value of monitoring dry mouth conditions in the care of fraigile old people.

Publisher
53 p.
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 8
Keyword
epidemiologi oralhälsorelaterad livskvalitet ohip-14 muntorrhet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-10826 (URN)978-91-85835-07-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
Gc509, Barnarpsagatan 39, Jönköping (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-10 Created: 2009-11-04 Last updated: 2009-11-10Bibliographically approved

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