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Ungdomars syn på kärnkraft ochdemokrati sedan 1980-talet: Attitydepidemier, stigberoenden ochteknisk-politisk kulturrevolution
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
2008 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 

Young people’s view of nuclear power and democracy since the 1980s: attitude epidemics, path dependencies and technical-political cultural revolution. In the wake of the leftist wave, young people’s criticism of the system has diminished, both in terms of criticism of the nuclear-based energy system and of the nature and workings of the political system. Baby-boomers (people born in the 1940s and ‘50s) in particular have changed their attitude and become less hostile to the establishment. But how did this change in attitudes occur? How has young people’s view of technology and democracy changed during the past few decades? Based on data from the SOM Institute gathered between 1987 and 2005, this final report presents the results of one of the two studies conducted in the project “Towards activism or indifference? How Swedish young people view democracy and the environment, science and technology in an international and longitudinal perspective”. First a theory and a method are proposed for analyzing what is called in this report “attitude epidemics”, referring to the fact that attitudes spread like wildfire or epidemics, leading to what societal researchers call “path dependencies”. Then age-versus-generation differences are studied, as well as a large number of other factors, with regard to attitudes to technology, nuclear power and democracy in particular, or the way democracy works in Sweden. Younger people are found to be the most critical of nuclear power, while they are most satisfied with democracy, even though gender, risk perceptions, party affiliation and political positioning are some of the factors that also influence these analyses on the individual level. The “epidemic effect” and path dependencies do not show their strength in these individual analyses, but all the more in the analysis of time series where the computer and IT revolution is found to be very strongly linked to the strong growth in acceptance of nuclear power. Using new communication technologies is somehow associated with a decline in hostility toward technology and nuclear power. But many cause-and-effect relationships in this attitudinal and technical-political “cultural revolution” still remain to be explored.

 

 

 

 

Abstract [sv]

 

I vänstervågens svall har ungdomens systemkritik avklingat, både i bemärkelsen kritik mot det kärnkraftsbaserade energisystemet och mot det politiska systemets väsen och funktionssätt. Främst 1940- och 1950-talisterna har ändrat inställning och blivit mindre systemfientliga. Men hur gick denna förändring i attityder egentligen till? Hur har synen på teknik och demokrati bland ungdomar förändrats senaste årtiondena? Med användning av SOM-institutets data 1987–2005 presenterar denna slutrapport resultat från en av de två delstudierna inom projektet ”Mot aktivism eller ointresse? Svenska ungdomars syn på demokrati och teknologi i ett internationellt och longitudinellt perspektiv”. Först föreslås teori och metod för att analysera det som i denna rapport kallas ”attitydepidemier”, att attityder sprider sig lavinartat, och genom dem etablering av vad samhällsforskare kallar ”stigberoenden”. Därefter studeras ålders- kontra generationsskillnader, liksom ett stort antal andra faktorer, med avseende på attityder till framför allt tekniken kärnkraft och demokrati eller demokratins funktionssätt i Sverige. Yngre visar sig vara de mest kritiska mot kärnkraften men de mest nöjda med demokratin, även om kön, riskuppfattningar, partianhängarskap och politisk positionering är några av de faktorer som också spelar roll i dessa analyser på individnivå. ”Epidemieffekten” och stigberoenden visar inte sin styrka i dessa individanalyser, men desto mer i analysen av tidsserier där dator- och IT-revolutionen visar sig mycket starkt förbunden med den starka tillväxten i kärnkraftsacceptans. Att använda nya kommunikationstekniker hänger på något sätt samman med minskning av teknikfientlighet även till kärnkraften. Men många orsakssamband i denna attitydmässiga och teknisk-politiska ”kulturrevolution” är fortfarande outforskade.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SKB , 2008. , 59 p.
Series
SKB Rapport, ISSN 1402-3091 ; R-08-52
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7739OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7739DiVA: diva2:158631
Projects
”Mot aktivism eller ointresse? Svenska ungdomars syn på demokrati och teknologi i ett internationellt och longitudinellt perspektiv"
Available from: 2009-09-21 Created: 2009-02-03 Last updated: 2009-09-21Bibliographically approved

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