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Mediated roles of generalized trust and perceived social support in the effects of problematic social media use on mental health: A cross-sectional study
Institute of Allied Health Sciences, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non‐Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8798-5345
2021 (English)In: Health Expectations, ISSN 1369-6513, E-ISSN 1369-7625, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 165-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Current literature lacks evidence concerning how problematic social media use associates with mental health. To address the gap, the present study used mediation models to examine whether generalized trust and perceived social support (PSS) are potential mediators in the relationship between problematic social media use and mental health. Methods: The sample comprised Iranian adults (n = 1073; 614 females). The participants completed a number of scales to assess problematic social media use (Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale), generalized trust (Generalized Trust Scale), PSS (Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, happiness (Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short Form), depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and mental quality of life (Short Form-12). Results: Problematic social media use had negative effects on happiness and mental quality of life via the mediators of generalized trust (bootstrapping SE = 0.017; effect = −0.041; 95% CI = −0.079, −0.012) and PSS (bootstrapping SE = 0.023; effect = −0.163; 95% CI = −0.211, −0.119). Problematic social media use had positive effects on anxiety and depression via the mediators of generalized trust (bootstrapping SE = 0.022; effect = 0.064; 95% CI = 0.026, 0.113) and PSS (bootstrapping SE = 0.024; effect = 0.052; 95% CI = 0.009, 0.102). Conclusions: Problematic social media use, generalized trust and PSS are important factors for an individual's mental health. Health-care providers may want to assist individuals regardless of having mental health problems in reducing their problematic social media use and improving their generalized trust and social support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 165-173
Keywords [en]
anxiety, depression, happy, mental quality of life, problematic social media use
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-51149DOI: 10.1111/hex.13169ISI: 000594732300001PubMedID: 33253480Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85096895709Local ID: GOA;intsam;1507299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-51149DiVA, id: diva2:1507299
Available from: 2020-12-07 Created: 2020-12-07 Last updated: 2021-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Pakpour, Amir H.

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