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The Six Sigma framework improves the awareness and management of supply-chain risk
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5615-7600
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0243-4916
2020 (English)In: The TQM Journal, ISSN 1754-2731, E-ISSN 1754-274X, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 1021-1037Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Modern supply chains are at risk as a result of increasing disturbance. The use of Lean and Six Sigma’'s values, methods and tools can be one option to analyze, prevent and mitigate risks. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a combined Lean Six Sigma philosophy can support the awareness and management of supply-chain risk.

Design/methodology/approach: The methodology followed in the study is based on a literature review and multiple case study, performed by means of qualitative methods of data collection, such as observations on-site, face-to-face interviews and document analysis. Case selection includes the results of research conducted in seven large Swedish companies.

Findings: It has been indicated that Lean and Six Sigma values, methods and tools can be very effective in companies’ efforts to control the supply-chain risks and that they improve the companies’ ability to handle variability and risk management. Lean Six Sigma supports a risk-management culture in the focal companies, but they must involve customers and companies in the supply chain if they wish to create a risk-management culture in the entire supply chain. In order to do this, they can use the Six Sigma training structure, but they need to include more risk tools and methods developed for the supply chain management. It has also been indicated in the literature that if more people involve in 6S projects, the financial results will be better, and the innovation of processes will increase.

Research limitations/implications: These include suggestions for how the companies can use the Six sigma training structure to collaborate in the supply chain.

Practical implications: This study gives practical suggestions for how the companies in supply chain can collaborate and use the Six Sigma training structure for creating a more holistic view of supply chain, which also decrease risks in supply chain.

Originality/value: This study indicates that Lean Six Sigma supports risk awareness and management in the focal companies of the supply chains, which improves companies’ ability to handle variability and risk management. It has also been demonstrated that the companies should use the Six Sigma framework, especially training, as a foundation, and they should create common projects for better collaboration in the supply chain, which will decrease the risks in the entire supply chain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2020. Vol. 32, no 5, p. 1021-1037
Keywords [en]
Collaboration, Lean Six Sigma, Quality, Risk management, Supply chain, Lean production, Process engineering, Process monitoring, Risk perception, Silicon, Six sigma, Work simplification, Design/methodology/approach, Face-to-face interview, Lean and Six Sigma, Literature reviews, Management culture, Management of supply chains, Multiple-case study, Six Sigma training, Supply chain management
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-48777DOI: 10.1108/TQM-04-2019-0120ISI: 000998665600007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85083050272OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-48777DiVA, id: diva2:1434698
Available from: 2020-06-03 Created: 2020-06-03 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, RoyPardillo-Baez, Yinef

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