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New hires, knowledge transfer, and productivity – Evidence from the job mobility of entrepreneurs
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3950-931x
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-48395OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-48395DiVA, id: diva2:1430536
Available from: 2020-05-15 Created: 2020-05-15 Last updated: 2020-05-15
In thesis
1. Post-entrepreneurship productivity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-entrepreneurship productivity
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, public policies have been implemented to encourage individuals to become entrepreneurs. However, the individual and social benefits of such policies when some of these individuals eventually leave entrepreneurship are unclear. The purpose of this thesis is to empirically assess the productivity effects arising from the labor market experience of entrepreneurship, measured as self-employment, in subsequent wage employment.

This thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four independent papers. The four papers evaluate the consequences of the self-employment experience either for the individuals’ wages or for firm productivity when firms hire such individuals. All the papers compare the self-employment experience relative to wage employment.

The first paper estimates how individuals’ earnings are influenced in post-entrepreneurship careers when they return to wage employment. The findings suggest that former entrepreneurs suffer large earnings losses, especially in the first year as employees, and for the higher educated, these losses persist even after seven years in employment. The second paper studies the role of professional ties in entry wages when finding employment after self-employment. The results show that even when using former coworker ties in the hiring process, the former self-employed, except for those who have ties with incumbent employees when they had their own firm, earn significantly lower entry wages.

The third paper evaluates the productivity effects of different labor flows, with an emphasis on hiring former entrepreneurs. The paper finds that new hires who come from entrepreneurship, in general, are just as productive as those employees hired from another firm but are more productive than those coming from unemployment. The fourth paper analyzes how having employees with former entrepreneurship experience is related to firm productivity. The results show that having more former entrepreneurs as employees in a firm increases performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2020. p. 23
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 137
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-48399 (URN)978-91-7914-000-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-05-05, Zoom webinar and in B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-05-15 Created: 2020-05-15 Last updated: 2020-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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