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Incidence of Lower Limb Amputation in the Diabetic and Nondiabetic General Population: A 10-year population-based cohort study of initial unilateral and contralateral amputations and reamputations
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
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2009 (English)In: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, Vol. 32, no 2, 275-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To compare the incidence of vascular lower limb amputation (LLA) in the diabetic and nondiabetic general population. Research design & methods: A population-based cohort study was conducted in a representative Swedish region. All vascular LLA (at or proximal to transmetatarsal level) performed from 1997 through 2006 were consecutively registered and classified into initial unilateral amputation, contralateral amputation or re-amputation. The incidence rates were estimated in the diabetic and nondiabetic general population aged 45 years or older. Results: During the 10-year period, LLA was performed on 62 women and 71 men with diabetes and on 79 women and 78 men without diabetes. The incidence of initial unilateral amputation per 100,000 person-years (95% CI) was for diabetic women 192 (145-241) and for diabetic men 197 (152-244) and for nondiabetic women 22 (17-26) and for nondiabetic men 24 (19-29). The incidence increased from the age of 75 years. 74% of all amputations were transtibial. The incidence of contralateral amputation and of re-amputation per 100 amputee-years (95% CI) in diabetic women amputees was 15 (7-27) and 16 (8-28) and in diabetic men 18 (10-29) and 21 (12-32), respectively, and in nondiabetic women amputees were 14 (7-24) and 18 (10-28) and in men 13 (6-22) and 24 (15-35), respectively. Conclusions: In the general population aged 45 years or older the incidence of vascular lower limb amputation at or proximal to transmetatarsal level is 8 times higher in diabetic than in nondiabetic persons. One in four amputees may require contralateral amputation and/or re-amputation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Alexandria: American Diabetes Association , 2009. Vol. 32, no 2, 275-280 p.
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Surgery
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7612DOI: 10.2337/dc08-1639PubMedID: 19001192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7612DiVA: diva2:139599
Available from: 2009-01-24 Created: 2009-01-24 Last updated: 2010-03-01Bibliographically approved

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Ramstrand, Nerrolyn

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