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Unpacking the complexity of community microgrids: A review of institutions’ roles for development of microgrids
RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden, Box 857, SE-501 15, Borås, Sweden.
RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden, Box 857, SE-501 15, Borås, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. RISE, Research Institutes of Sweden, Box 857, SE-501 15, Borås, Sweden.
2020 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 121, article id 109690Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Community microgrids implemented in existing electricity grids can meet both development targets set out in the Paris agreement: 1. mitigate greenhouse gas emissions through increased implementation of renewable energy sources, and 2. to adapt to climate related disturbances and risk of catastrophes. Community microgrids are, however, complex to implement and institutional change is needed to reach their full potential. The purpose of this article is to review existing literature and analyze institutional developments influencing the growth of community microgrids. The literature describes a concentration of microgrid activities in specific regions: USA, EU, Asia and Australia. Varying reasons for implementing community microgrids were found in the different regions but similar institutional developments occurred, albeit with differing emphasis due to contextual specificities. Formal directions do however influence informal institutions even though their aims differ. Power utilities stand out as a critical actor and both formal and informal institutions put pressure on utilities to update their traditional business models. This article illustrates how informal and formal institutions play a significant role in the growth of community microgrids in existing electricity grids and provide interesting examples which can be utilized by policymakers. Microgrid development is still in a formative phase and further institutional change in the form of updated regulations is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 121, article id 109690
Keywords [en]
Community energy, Community microgrid, Energy system transformation, Microgrid, Socio-technical change, Sustainability transition, Gas emissions, Greenhouse gases, Renewable energy resources, Micro grid, Socio-technical changes, Electric power transmission networks
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47588DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.109690Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077921856Local ID: ;HOA JIBS 2020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-47588DiVA, id: diva2:1389279
Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-29 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved

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