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The sustainability of post-conflict development: The case of Algeria
Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Faculty of Social Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER). Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Faculty of Social Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8423-1938
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, article id 3036Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

The Algerian civil war, 1992-2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country's large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and planned development projects in the country, especially in the agriculture sector, while new investments in industry started after the conflict. The review of individual development projects further revealed that many projects between 1980-2017 had doubtful benefits with respect to long-term development goals. Initiatives tended to be discontinued once the funding period closed, and the involvement of the private sector was low. It is therefore concluded that additional attention needs to be devoted to long-term and structural impacts of development projects, including considerations regarding sustainability, demographics, and climate-related future changes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 11, article id 3036
Keywords [en]
Development strategies, Hydrocarbon dependency, Long-term goals, MENA region, Post-conflict recovery, Rural development projects, Sustainability transitions, development project, development strategy, hydrocarbon, private sector, rural development, sustainability, Algeria
National Category
Environmental Sciences Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-47259DOI: 10.3390/su11113036ISI: 000472632200041Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067265166Local ID: GOA HLK 2019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-47259DiVA, id: diva2:1383426
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasThe Middle East in the Contemporary WorldAvailable from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved

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