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Transitioning to a microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee – Executive functioning during single and dual-task gait
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8994-8786
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0220-6278
2019 (English)In: Prosthetics and orthotics international, ISSN 0309-3646, E-ISSN 1746-1553Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Walking with a prosthesis requires substantial concentration on behalf of the user and places increased demands on executive functions. Little is known of the effects that prosthetic knee joint prescription may have on executive functioning.

Objectives

Evaluate executive functioning in trans-femoral prosthesis users during single and dual-task walking, before and after they transition to a Microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee unit.

Study Design

Multiple case-study design.

Methods

Single and dual task gait was evaluated while recording cortical brain activity. Testing occasion 1 occurred prior to participants receiving their microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee, while testing occasion 2 was conducted a minimum of 8 months after they had been fitted with an microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee.

Results

During single-task level walking and walking while performing a dual-task key finding test, executive functions, measured as the relative haemodynamic response in the frontal cortex, reduced for most, but not all participants after transitioning to an Microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee. There did not appear to be any difference when participants performed a trail walk test.

Conclusions

Results suggest Microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee prosthetic knees may have a positive effect on executive functioning for some individuals who have undergone a lower-limb amputation. A larger, longitudinal study with careful control of extraneous variables (e.g. age, training) is needed to confirm results and determine causality.

Clinical relevance

This article provides some evidence to suggest that prosthetic prescription may influence executive functioning and that microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee mechanisms may reduce cognitive effort when walking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019.
Keywords [en]
fNIRS, limb prostheses, microprocessor-controlled knee, dual-task gait
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46970DOI: 10.1177/0309364619892773ISI: 000502433000001PubMedID: 31826702Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077192828OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46970DiVA, id: diva2:1375260
Available from: 2019-12-04 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2020-01-07

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Ramstrand, NerrolynMöller, SaffranRusaw, David

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Physiotherapy

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