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The association between social capital and quality of life among a sample of Iranian pregnant women.
Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Educational Psychology and Inclusive Education, Faculty of Education, Monash University and the Centre for Positive Psychology, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.
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2019 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 1497Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is a multidimensional concept that is affected by various factors. According to the literature, social capital is one of the key determinants of QoL that improves the living conditions of the entire community. This study aimed to investigate the association between social capital and QoL in pregnant women.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 240 pregnant women with a mean age of 27.98 years who were referred to healthcare centers in Qazvin, Iran. A two-stage random sampling method was used to select the health centers and participants. Social capital, QoL, demographic and obstetric characteristics were assessed.

RESULTS: The mean scores of social capital, physical and mental dimensions of quality of life were 67.43, 70.2 and 71.88 respectively. All dimensions of social capital except for family and friends' connection and tolerance of diversity had positive significant correlations with the physical and mental health dimensions of quality of life (r = 0.17 to 0.28 p < 0.05). A univariate regression model revealed that social capital had a significant association with both the physical health (B = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.19-0.61, p < 0.001) and mental health (B = 0 .44, 95% CI: 0.18-0.58, p < 0.001) dimensions of pregnant women's quality of life. In the adjusted model, each unit increase of social capital increased pregnant women's QoL in both the physical health and mental health dimensions.

CONCLUSION: Social capital has a significant association with women's QoL during pregnancy. Therefore, QoL during pregnancy could be improved by considering physical, psychological and social components of their healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019. Vol. 19, no 1, article id 1497
Keywords [en]
Mental health, Physical health, Pregnancy, Quality of life, Social capital
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46865DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7848-0ISI: 000496430800004PubMedID: 31706274Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074742248Local ID: GOA HHJ 2019;HHJÖvrigtISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46865DiVA, id: diva2:1371582
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2019-11-20 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Pakpour, Amir H.

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