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A review on the environmental impacts of shipping on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science. Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5322-9827
Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.
Calluna AB, Nacka, Sweden.
Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 695, article id 133637Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There are several environmental and ecological effects of shipping. However, these are rarely assessed in total in the scientific literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to summarize the different impacts of water-based transport on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems and to identify knowledge gaps and areas for future research. The review identified several environmental and ecological consequences within the main impact categories of water discharges, physical impacts, and air emissions. However, although quantitative data on these consequences are generally scarce the shipping contribution to acidification by SOx- and NOx-emissions has been quantified to some extent. There are several knowledge gaps regarding the ecological consequences of, for example, the increasing amount of chemicals transported on water, the spread of non-indigenous species coupled with climate change, and physical impacts such as shipping noise and artificial light. The whole plethora of environmental consequences, as well as potential synergistic effects, should be seriously considered in transport planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 695, article id 133637
Keywords [en]
Antifouling paints, Cargo spills, Marine litter, Operational discharges, Shoreline erosion, Wastewater, Antifouling paint, Aquatic ecosystems, Climate change, Ships, Shore protection, Ecological consequences, Environmental consequences, Nonindigenous species, Scientific literature, Synergistic effect, Transport planning, Environmental impact
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-46367DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133637ISI: 000496802200048PubMedID: 31422318Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070631703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-46367DiVA, id: diva2:1354817
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Jägerbrand, Annika K.

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