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Internet addiction and sleep problems: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1884-5696
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7341-945X
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2019 (English)In: Sleep Medicine Reviews, ISSN 1087-0792, E-ISSN 1532-2955, Vol. 47, p. 51-61Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pathological use of the internet – conceptualized as ‘internet addiction’ – might be crucial in initiating and increasing sleep disturbances in the community. While inconsistent evidence is reported regarding the association of internet addiction and sleep disturbances, the severity of this association remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to increase our understanding of the relationship between internet addiction and sleep disturbances. A systematic review was conducted through Scopus, PubMed Central, ProQuest, ISI Web of Knowledge, and EMBASE using keywords related to internet addiction and sleep problems. Observational studies (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies) focusing on association between internet addiction and sleep disturbances including sleep problems and sleep duration were selected. A meta-analysis using random-effect model was conducted to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for experiencing sleep problems and standardized mean differences (SMDs) for sleep duration. Eligible studies (N = 23) included 35,684 participants. The overall pooled OR of having sleep problems if addicted to the internet was 2.20 (95% CI: 1.77–2.74). Additionally, the overall pooled SMDs for sleep duration for the IA group compared to normal internet users was −0.24 (95% CI: −0.38, −0.10). Results of the meta-analysis revealed a significant OR for sleep problems and a significant reduced sleep duration among individuals addicted to the internet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 47, p. 51-61
Keywords [en]
Internet addiction, Meta-analysis, Problematic internet use, Sleep problems, Systematic review, diagnostic accuracy, diagnostic error, disease association, human, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, psychometry, Review, sleep disorder, sleep quality, sleep time, validation process
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45441DOI: 10.1016/j.smrv.2019.06.004PubMedID: 31336284Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85069606681Local ID: PP HHJ 2019 embargo 12;HHJADULTIS,HHJSALVEISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45441DiVA, id: diva2:1340463
Available from: 2019-08-05 Created: 2019-08-05 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2020-07-04 00:00
Available from 2020-07-04 00:00

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Broström, AndersBülow, Pia H.Pakpour, Amir H.

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