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Kvinnliga lärares psykosociala arbetsmiljö: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie om den självupplevda psykosociala arbetsmiljön, ur ett salutogent perspektiv
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Female teachers psychosocial work environment : A quantitative cross-sectional study about the self-reported psychosocial work environment in a salutogenic perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kvinnliga lärare upplever sitt arbete som meningsfullt samtidigt som de utsätts för tidspress, vilket har en negativ inverkan på deras psykosociala arbetsmiljö och hälsa. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva den självupplevda psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos kvinnliga lärare ur ett salutogent perspektiv. En tvärsnittsstudie enligt en kvantitativ design gjordes på 43 kvinnliga lärare på tre olika skolor med hjälp av instrumentet Work Experience Measurment Scale (WEMS). Kompletterande frågor om ålder och år av yrkeserfarenhet tillfördes för att undersöka eventuellt samband. Resultatet visade att det inte finns något statistiskt signifikant samband mellan ålder eller år av yrkeserfarenhet i hur deltagarna upplever sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö. För att beskriva kvinnliga lärares psykosociala arbetsmiljö ur ett salutogent perspektiv användes främst modellen “känsla av sammanhang” (KASAM). Deltagarna har starkt KASAM vad det gäller meningsfullhet men svagare KASAM i hanterbarhet och begriplighet. Slutsatsen för studien visar på att kvinnliga lärare upplever sitt arbete som meningsfullt vilket påverkar den psykosociala arbetsmiljön positivt. Samtidigt utsätts de för tidspress, vilket har en negativ inverkan på deras psykosociala arbetsmiljö.

Abstract [en]

Female teachers experiencing their work meaningful at the same time the work expose them for time pressure, which can have a negative impact on the health. The aim of this study was to describe self-perceived psychosocial work environment for female teachers in a salutogenic approach. A cross-sectional study with a quantitative design with 43 female teachers on three different schools was preformed, using the instrument Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). Additional questions about age and years of work experience added to explore any relationship. The result show that there was no statistic significant relationship between age or years of work experience in how the participants experiencing their psychosocial work environment. To describe female teachers psychosocial work environment in a salutogenic approach has uppermost the model “Sense of coherence” (SOC) been used. The participants have a strong SOC regarding meaningfulness, but weaker SOC regarding manageability and comprehensibility. The conclusion of this study show that female teachers experience their work meaningful, which affect the psychosocial work environment positive, at the same time they are exposed for time pressure, which affect the psychosocial work environment negative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Sense of coherence, occupational therapy, health promotion, Work Experience Mesurement Scale (WEMS)
Keywords [sv]
Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), arbetsterapi, hälsopromotion, Work Experience Measurment Scale (WEMS).
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45141ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45141DiVA, id: diva2:1331485
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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