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Elevers attityder till handskrift: En flermetodsstudie om handskriftens betydelse och framtid enligt elever i årskurs 5
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students’ attitudes toward handwriting : A mixed-method study of the importance of writing by hand and the prospects of future handwriting according to Swedish fifth-graders (English)
Abstract [sv]

Handskrift – definierat som skrivande för hand med penna – har av tradition varit en viktig komponent i grundskolans läroplan. Sett till de teknologiska framsteg som gjorts under de senaste 20 åren står dock handskriften numera inför en osäker framtid. Likt övriga samhället har skolväsendet påbörjat en digital omställning där en stor del av debatten kretsar kring huruvida handskrift och handskriftsundervisning är relevant. Enligt lärare minskar också handskriftens betydelse i skolorna på grund av upplevd tidsbrist, styrdokumentens utformning, brister i lärarutbildningen och rådande digitalisering. Trots det har vi lite kunskap om vad elever tycker om denna utveckling, därav idén till föreliggande studie.

Genom kvalitativ utforskning konstruerades ett kvantitativt mätinstrument för attityd, vilket föreliggande flermetodsstudie använt i syfte att bättre förstå vilka attityder grundskoleelever har till skrivande för hand. Följande tre frågeställningar har använts: (1) Vilken relevans anser elever att handskrift har?; (2) Vad tror elever om handskriftens framtidsutsikter?; och (3) Hur uppfattar elever sin egen handstil?

Totalt deltog 55 elever från årskurs 5 i studien, fördelat över tre skolor. Fem individuella, semistrukturerade intervjuer hölls med elever (10 till 11 år). De uppfattningar och föreställningar som identifierades genomgick en kvalitativ innehållsanalys och resultatet agerade underlag i konstruerandet av en enkät. Enkäten besvarades av 50 elever (svarsfrekvens: 72 %). Enkätsvaren analyserades med SPSS version 25 där reliabilitetstester utfördes med hjälp av Cronbachs alfa och corrected item-total korrelation.

Resultatet indikerar att elever har en positiv attityd gentemot handskrift, skrivstil inkluderat, men att skrivande över datorn anses mer praktiskt. Eleverna har även en relativt positiv attityd till sin egen handstil. Dock anses läslighet vara den enda aspekten av betydande vikt. Eleverna tror att de kommer använda handskrift i framtiden men att dess betydelse kommer minska till följd av digitaliseringen.

Abstract [en]

Handwriting - defined as writing done by hand with a pen or pencil – has traditionally been an essential component in the elementary curriculum. However, due to the last 20 years of technological advancements, the future of handwriting is anything but certain. Education has, just as the rest of the society, entered an age of digital technologies and much of the debate revolves around the relevance of handwriting and handwriting instruction. Indeed, teachers believe the importance of handwriting has declined in recent years due to time constrains, imprecise guidelines in curricula, deficient teacher training, and digitalization of schools. Yet, little is known about what students think about this evolution, hence the idea of present study.

By constructing a quantitative attitude measurement instrument using qualitative exploration, the present mixed-method study seeks to better understand what attitudes elementary school students hold toward writing by hand. The following three research questions were investigated: (1) What relevance does handwriting have according to students?; (2) What is the future of handwriting according to students?; and (3) How do students perceive their own handwriting?

A total of 55 fifth-grade students from three Swedish schools participated in the study. Five students (10 to 11 years) took part in semi-structured interviews. Qualitative content analysis was used to identify beliefs reported by the students and a questionnaire was constructed based on the set of beliefs elicited. Fifty students completed the questionnaire (response rate: 72%). Using SPSS version 25 for data analysis, Cronbach's alpha and corrected item-total correlation were used for reliability testing.

The results indicate that students have a positive attitude toward handwriting including cursive, though word-processors is considered more convenient. Students also hold relatively positive attitudes toward their own handwriting, yet the only aspect that is of real importance to them is legibility. Students believe they will practice handwriting in the future but that its relevance will decrease due to digitalization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Attitude, Handwriting, writing by hand, cursive, school, students
Keywords [sv]
Attityd, Handskrift, Handstil, Skrivstil, Elever, Skola
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45128ISRN: JU-HLK-JU-2-20190850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45128DiVA, id: diva2:1331238
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Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Gustavsson Urban_Elevers attityder till handskrift(1854 kB)4 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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