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Diabetes typ 1. Dess påverkan på barn och ungdomars orala hälsa.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att sammanställa evidens kring diabetes typ 1 och dess påverkan på barn och ungdomars orala hälsa.

Metod: Studien var en allmän litteraturstudie. Inklusionskriterier var att de skulle ha publicerats mellan år 2008 till 2018, vara peer-reviewed granskade samt ha ett åldersspann på deltagare från 3  till 18 år. Efter en kvalitetsgranskning bedömdes 21 artiklar uppfylla kriterier till grund för studien. Artiklarna som användes har samtliga studerat diabetes typ 1 och dess påverkan på barn och ungdomars orala hälsa.

Resultat: Resultatet påvisade att sjukdomen diabetes typ 1 har en påverkan på barn och ungdomars orala hälsa. Gingivit, karies, parodontit, oral candidos, plack samt tandsten är orala besvär som har visat sig ha en högre prevalens hos barn med diabetes i jämförelse med friska barn, enligt tidigare evidens. Resultatet i studierna varierade i en viss utsträckning beroende på olika utfallsmått och metoder.

Slutsats: En sammanställning av studier visade ett samband mellan barn och ungdomar med diabetes typ 1 och en försämrad oral hälsa, där plack och gingivitförekomsten var som högst. Mer forskning generellt krävs kring hur diabetes typ 1 påverkar den orala hälsan hos barn och ungdomar, i syfte om att få en heltäckande bild.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the literature overview was to study evidence for type 1 diabetes impact on children and adolescents oral health.

Method: The study was a general literature study. The inclusion criteria were that they should have been published between 2008 until 2018, peer-reviewed and have an age range of children up to 18 years. After a quality review, 21 articles were used in this study. The articles that was used, have all studied diabetes type 1 and its impact on children and adolescents oral health.

Result: The result showed that the disease type 1 diabetes has an effect on the oral health of children and adolescents. Gingivitis, caries, periodontitis, oral candidos, plaque and calculus are oral disorders that has been shown having a higher prevalence in children with diabetes in comparison to healthy children. The results in the studies varied to a certain extent due to different outcome measures and methods.

Conclusion: Previous studies have shown a relationship between children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their impaired oral health, where plaque and gingivitis were most prevalent. More research is generally required on how diabetes type 1 affects the oral health of children and adolescents in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Caries, Dental plack, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Saliva
Keywords [sv]
Gingivit, Karies, Parodontit, Plack, Saliv
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45056ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20190060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45056DiVA, id: diva2:1330126
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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