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Arbetsterapins betydelse i naturunderstödd rehabilitering: En beskrivande studie av verksamheter inom naturunderstödd rehabilitering för personer med stressrelaterade besvär.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The meaning of occupational therapy in nature-based rehabilitation : A descriptive study of activities in nature-based rehabilitation for people with stress-related problems. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den psykiska ohälsan ökar och är ett växande folkhälsoproblem med negativa konsekvenser för individ och samhälle. Den utgör den vanligaste orsaken till sjukskrivning. Naturunderstödd rehabilitering med kreativa trädgårdsaktiviteter har visat sig vara betydelsefull för personer med psykisk ohälsa och minskar sjukskrivningar. Arbetsterapeuters aktivitetsfokus ur ett holistiskt och dynamiskt perspektiv kan ge klienterna känsla av välbefinnande. Syfte: Belysa arbetsterapins betydelse i naturunderstödd rehabilitering för personer med stressrelaterade besvär. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ design. Nio deltagare rekryterades genom ett typiskt urval. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer, utifrån en intervjuguide innehållande 15 frågor. Data analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys, vilket resulterade i tre domäner och sju kategorier. Resultat: Samtliga informanter nämnde värdet av meningsfulla aktiviteter. Det framkom dock att arbetsterapeuterna beskrev ytterligare en dimension av begreppet aktivitet utifrån dess betydelse. Verksamheter med arbetsterapeut tenderar ha fler antal timmar rehabilitering än de utan och deras arbete utgår från att behandla deltagarna. De verksamheter utan arbetsterapeut använde inga behandlande moment i rehabiliteringen. Slutsatser: Arbetsterapeutens perspektiv på aktivitet kunde urskiljas men övriga informanter hade också en god föreställning om aktivitetens betydelse i rehabiliteringen. Arbetsterapeutens kompetenser har ett kompletterande perspektiv i relation till andra professionerna, som är betydande för rehabiliteringen i NUR verksamheter.

Abstract [en]

Background: The mental health issue are increasing and is a growing problem for the society, which is followed by negative consequences for both the individual and the society. Mental health problems are the most common reason for sick leave. Nature-based rehabilitation with creative gardening has shown to be meaningful for people with mental health problems and is followed by a decreased sick leaving. Occupational therapist’s activity focus from a holistic and dynamic point of view that can give the client a feeling of well-being. Purpose: Enlighten the meaning of occupational therapy in nature-based rehabilitation for people with stress-related issues. Method: The study has a qualitative design. Nine participants were recruited by a typical selection. The data collection was made by semistructured interviews, which was made by a specific guide containing 15 questions. The data was analyzed with help from a qualitative content analysis which resulted in three domains and seven categories. Result: All the participants mentioned the meaning of meaningful activities. It appeared that the occupational therapists had an additional point of view and dimension of the concept activity and its meaning. Operations with occupational therapists tend to have more hours of rehabilitation than the operations without. Their work involves treating the participants. The operations without occupational therapist did not use any treating compliments in their rehabilitations.. Conclusion: The occupational therapist’s perspective on activity could be distinguished, but the other informants also had a good idea about the activities meaning in their rehabilitations. The occupational therapist’s qualifications have a complement perspective in a relation to other professionals, who has meaningful qualities for the rehabilitation in the NUR operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Green rehabilitation, mental illness, NBR, occupation, occupational therapy, stress
Keywords [sv]
aktivitet, arbetsterapi, grön rehabilitering, grön rehab, NUR, psykisk ohälsa, stress.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44717ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44717DiVA, id: diva2:1328049
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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