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Self-Care Education in Oral Health: An intervention study among dental nurse students in Danang, Vietnam
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Egenvårdsutbildning i Oral Hälsa : En interventionsstudie bland dental nurse studenter i Danang, Vietnam (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Aim:The aim of the thesis was to study the effect of a self-care education in oral health for a group of dental nurse students in Danang, Vietnam. Methods: A quantitative intervention study was performed consisting of 53 selected participants, who were clinically examined to measure the dental biofilm and gingival inflammation. The intervention was a self-care education session where both information and instruction about the materials and methods of self-care in toothbrush technique and interdental cleaning were included. Results: The self-care education in oral health proved to have an effect on the students' oral hygiene. There was a statistically significant difference between the first and the second examination of the gingival inflammation. No statistically significant difference was found between the first and second examination of dental plaque but plaque score of buccal, lingual and distal surfaces significantly decreased before the second examination.The results did not show any significant difference between the group from the rural area and the group from the urban area. Conclusion:The result of the study shows that the self-care education in oral health had a positive impact on the participant´s oral hygiene. It would be beneficial to develop a self-care educational program for the population in Vietnam to improve the oral hygiene.Through knowledge and information about good self-care habits and its positive effects, more people can achieve a better and healthier oral health as a result.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte:Syftet med studien var att studera effekten av en given egenvårdsutbildning i oral hälsa för en grupp dental nurse studenter i Danang, Vietnam. Metod:En kvantitativ interventionsstudie utfördes, bestående av 53 utvalda deltagare som undersöktes kliniskt för att mäta dental biofilm och gingival inflammation. Interventionen var en egenvårdsutbildning där information och instruktion i material och metoder för egenvård i tandborstteknik och approximal rengöring inkluderades. Resultat:Egenvårdsutbildningen i oral hälsa visade sig ha effekt på studenternas munhygien. Det var en statistiskt signifikant skillnad mellan den första och den andra undersökningen av gingival inflammation. Ingen statistiskt signifikant skillnad uppnåddes mellan den första och andra undersökningen av dentalt plack. Dock sjönk plackförekomsten på de buccala, linguala och distala ytorna avsevärt innan den andra undersökningen. Resultaten visade inte någon signifikant skillnad mellan gruppen från landsbygd eller gruppen från tätort. Slutsats:Resultatet av studien visar att egenvårdsutbildningen haft en positiv inverkan på deltagarens munhygien. Det skulle vara fördelaktigt att utveckla ett egenvårdsprogram för befolkningen i Vietnam för att allmänt förbättra den orala hygienen. Genom kunskap och information om goda egenvårdsvanor och dess positiva effekter kan fler människor uppnå en bättre och hälsosammare oral hälsa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
dental plaque, gingivitis, oral health, self-care education
Keywords [sv]
dentalt plack, egenvårdsutbildning, gingivit, oral hälsa
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44660ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20190056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44660DiVA, id: diva2:1327041
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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