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Arbetsterapeuters insatser inom suicidprevention
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapists' contribution to suicide prevention (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under 2017 avled 1,189 personer till följd av suicid i Sverige. Suicid är ett komplext problem och för att förebygga suicid krävs ett mångfacetterat angreppssätt. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva arbetsterapeuters uppfattningar och erfarenheter av suicidprevention och hur arbetsterapeutisk kompetens kan användas i suicidpreventivt arbete. En kvalitativ studie där tre fokusgrupper och en enskild intervju med sammanlagt åtta arbetsterapeuter genomfördes. Datainsamlingen analyserades därefter med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom två kategorier: Suicidprevention i praktiken och Bemötande och kunskap om suicidala patienter. Deltagarna har tidigare inte reflekterat över sin roll i suicidprevention och upplever en rädsla och osäkerhet i mötet med suicidala patienter. Begreppen meningsfullhet och delaktighet lyfts som viktiga. Den terapeutiska relationen ligger till grund för att patienten ska vilja och våga prata om suicidala tankar och/eller suicidala beteenden. Deltagarna lyfter även vikten av att ta patientens fokus och ha ett inifrånperspektiv. Slutsatserna är att arbetsterapeuter behöver utbildning i suicidprevention för att förtydliga rollen och känna sig trygga i mötet med suicidala patienter. Arbetsterapeuter kan, med sin kompetens, fördjupa och bredda förståelsen för suicidala handlingar samt främja individens psykiska hälsa på lång sikt för att förebygga suicid.

Abstract [en]

During 2017, 1,189 people died due to suicide in Sweden. Suicide is a complex problem and a multifaceted approach is required to prevent suicide. The aim with this study was to describe occupational therapists’ perceptions and experiences regarding suicide prevention and how occupational therapists’ competence can be used in work regarding suicide prevention. A qualitative study including three focus groups and an individual interview with a total of eight occupational therapists were conducted. Data was therefore analysed using qualitative content analysis. Two categories were revealed in the result: Suicide prevention in practice and Treatment and knowledge about suicidal patients. The participants have not earlier reflected on their role in suicide prevention and experience a fear and insecurity in the meeting with suicidal patients. The concepts meaningfulness and participation are emphasized as important. The therapeutic alliance is the basis for the patient to want, or dare, to talk about suicidal thoughts and/or suicidal behaviours. The participants also emphasize the importance of taking the patient's focus and having an inside perspective. The conclusions are that occupational therapists need training regarding suicide prevention to further clarify their roles, and to feel safe in the meeting with suicidal patients. Occupational therapists, with their competence, can deepen and broaden the understanding of suicidal actions and promote the individual’s mental health in the long term to prevent suicide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Inside perspective, Meaningfulness, Occupational therapy, Participation, Suicide
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Delaktighet, Inifrånperspektiv, Meningsfullhet, Suicid
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44643ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44643DiVA, id: diva2:1326829
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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