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Impact of dry mouth conditions on oral health-related quality of life in older people
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
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2005 (English)In: Gerodontology, ISSN 0734-0664, Vol. 22, no 4, 219-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of dry mouth conditions on oral health-related quality of life in frail old people, residents at community care centers. Further, reliability and validity of a visual analogue scale (VAS) for dry mouth symptoms were determined within the study cohort. BACKGROUND: In old people functional, social and psychological impacts of oral conditions are associated with an overall sense of well being and general health. Subjective dry mouth and reduced saliva flow are common disorders in old people caused by disease and medication. Thus, dry mouth conditions may be determinants for compromised oral health-related quality of life in old people. METHOD: In total, 50 old people living at service homes for the old people were asked to answer questionnaires on subjective dry mouth (VAS) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP14) for oral health-related quality of life. Saliva flow was estimated by absorbing saliva into a pre-weighed cotton roll. RESULTS: The final study cohort comprised 41 old people (aged 83-91 years). Significant associations were identified between both objective and subjective dry mouth and overall or specific aspects of oral health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: Dry mouth (objective and subjective) is significantly associated with oral health-related quality of life strengthening the value of monitoring dry mouth conditions in the care of frail old people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 22, no 4, 219-226 p.
Keyword [en]
oral health-related quality of life, OHIP, dry mouth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-7009PubMedID: 16329230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-7009DiVA: diva2:132400
Available from: 2008-12-18 Created: 2008-12-10 Last updated: 2009-03-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Oral health-related quality ofl ife in an adult population
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral health-related quality ofl ife in an adult population
2009 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim: The overall aim of this licentiate thesis was to describe and analyze oral health-related quality of life measured with OHIP-14. The thesis comprises two studies, each with a specific aim.

 

Study I: To describe oral health-related quality of life measured with OHIP-14 in an Swedish adult population

Study II: To study the relationship between oral health-related quality of life, measured with OHIP-14, and subjective as well as objective dry mouth conditions in fragile old people. Furthermore, the aim was to study the reliability and validity of a new instrument (VAS) to measure dry mouth

 

Material and methods: Study I comprised a stratified random sample of 519 individuals 20-80 years of age. In Study II, 41 randomly selected fragile old people, residents at three different community care centers, participated. In both studies, the questionnaire OHIP-14 was used for measurement of oral health-related quality of life. The participants in Study II answered a questionnaire for subjectively experienced dry mouth (VAS). For objective dry mouth measurements, saliva was absorbed into a preweighted cotton roll.

Results: In Study I, 21% of the respondents stated that they had no oral problems that had a negative impact on their well-being. In Study II, the corresponding figure was 71%. In study I the mean value for OHIP-14 was 6.4 (SD=7.1) for the entire population; 5.9 (SD=7.1) for men and 6.8 (SD=7.2) for women in. Subjects, who frequently experienced problems related to oral health, with scores ranging from 16 to 41 points, accounted for 10% of the study group. In Study II, significant associations were identified between both objectively measured respective subjectively experienced dry mouth and oral health-related quality of life. The validity of the VAS instrument was good for subjective mouth dryness, but poor for objectively measured dry mouth in fragile old people.

Conclusion: From Study I it can be concluded that, in this Swedish population, a number of individuals, both young and old, experience oral problems that have a negative impact on their well-being. From Study II, the conclusion is that dry mouth (both objective and subjective) is significantly associated with poorer oral health-related quality of life, underlining the value of monitoring dry mouth conditions in the care of fraigile old people.

Publisher
53 p.
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 8
Keyword
epidemiologi oralhälsorelaterad livskvalitet ohip-14 muntorrhet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-10826 (URN)978-91-85835-07-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
Gc509, Barnarpsagatan 39, Jönköping (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-10 Created: 2009-11-04 Last updated: 2009-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Einarson, Susanne

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