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Att leva med en osynlig sjukdom: En litteraturöversikt om personers upplevelser av att leva med fibromyalgi
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To live with an invisible illness : A literature review about people's experiences of living with fibromyalgia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fibromyalgi är en kronisk sjukdom som påverkar kroppen på olika sätt, och orsaken är fortfarande okänd. Den bryter ut i samband med ett fysiskt eller psykiskt trauma, infektion eller smärta.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva personers upplevelser av att leva med fibromyalgi.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes med en induktiv ansats, baserad på 13 artiklar med kvalitativ design. Tre kategorier och sex underkategorier skapades utifrån analysen.

Resultat: De upplevda fysiska symtomen var smärta i kroppen, trötthet och sömnsvårigheter. Sjukdomen gav även upphov till psykiska symtom där depression, ångest, nedstämdhet och kognitiva problem förekom. Upplevelsen var även att det sociala livet påverkades då familj, vänner, kollegor och vårdpersonal ofta ifrågasatte sjukdomen och inte trodde på personerna.

Slutsatser:  Fibromyalgi påverkar livet på många olika sätt, både fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt. Arbetet ger en ökad förståelse och kunskap till vårdpersonal, framförallt sjuksköterskor, för den här patientgruppens situation. Fortsatt forskning behövs för att ta reda på vad som orsakar fibromyalgi, och därmed öka förståelsen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Fibromyalgia is a chronic illness that affects the body in several ways, and the cause remains unexplained. It emerges from physical or psychological trauma, infection or pain.

Aim: The aim was to describe people’s experiences of living with fibromyalgia.

Method: This study was made as a literature review with an inductive approach, based on 13 articles with qualitative design. Three categories and six subcategories evolved from analysis.

Results: The experienced physical symptoms were pain in the body, fatigue and sleeping problems. The illness also affected the persons psychologically which could occur as depression, anxiety and cognitive issues. The social life was also affected since family, friends, colleagues and health care personnel often questioned the illness and did not believe in their experiences.

Conclusion: Fibromyalgia affects the life in several ways, both physically, psychologically and socially. The essay provides an increased understanding and knowledge to health care personnel, especially nurses, for these patients’ situation. Further research is required to determine the cause of fibromyalgia to increase the understanding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Fibromyalgia, Experience, Sense of coherence (SOC)
Keywords [sv]
Fibromyalgi, Upplevelse, Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM)
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44284ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190466OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44284DiVA, id: diva2:1322067
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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