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Parent-adolescent communication and adolescent delinquency: Unraveling within-family processes from between-family differences
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). University West, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2998-7289
Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Understanding the factors that predict adolescent delinquency is a key topic in parenting research. An open question is whether prior results indicating relative differences between families reflect the dynamic processes occurring within families. Therefore, this study investigated concurrent and lagged associations among parental behavioral control, parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent delinquency by separating between-family and within-family effects in three-wave annual data (N = 1515; Mage = 13.01 years at T1; 50.6% girls). At the within-family level, parental behavioral control negatively predicted adolescent delinquency. Adolescent disclosure and delinquency, and adolescent disclosure and parental solicitation, reciprocally predicted each other. Parental solicitation negatively predicted parental behavioral control. The findings indicate a prominent role of adolescent disclosure in within-family processes concerning parental-adolescent communication and adolescent delinquency. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Adolescence; Delinquency; Longitudinal; Parent-child relationship; Parental monitoring; Within-family
National Category
Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43444DOI: 10.1007/s10964-019-01043-wPubMedID: 31161272Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067038201Local ID: HOA HHJ 2019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-43444DiVA, id: diva2:1303613
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareVinnovaSwedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-25
Note

Included in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2019-06-25
In thesis
1. Mutual actions - Developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mutual actions - Developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence is a critical time for the onset or intensification of engagement in risk behaviors, such as delinquency and alcohol use. Parents are often advised to supervise adolescents or set rules for behavior control in order to protect their adolescents from harm. But are such parenting strategies advantageous in preventing adolescents from engaging in risk behaviors? Little is known about what role adolescents play in the parent- adolescent relationship and their own psychosocial development? The overall aim of the dissertation was to investigate how parent- and adolescent-driven communication efforts occurring in the parent-adolescent relationship relate to risk behaviors in early to mid- adolescence.

Findings show that adolescent-driven communication efforts (i.e. disclosure about their everyday activities) play a prominent role in the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent engagement in risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure is linked to parental knowledge of an adolescent’s whereabouts, parent-adolescent emotional connectedness, and decreases in adolescent risk behaviors over time. While parental behavioral control of adolescent whereabouts can indeed be protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, parents’ soliciting efforts are related to higher levels of engagement in delinquency and substance use. This is particularly true for boys and adolescents with detached and fearless temperament. However, when adolescents are willing to communicate, parents can elicit more disclosure from their adolescents through soliciting efforts.

This dissertation suggests that parents and adolescents both play important roles in parenting and parent-adolescent relationships. Parents can protect their adolescents from engagement in risk behaviors, especially when adolescents share information with their parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, 2019. p. 111
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 096
Keywords
adolescents, risk behaviors, parent-adolescent relationship, disclosure, communication
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43445 (URN)978-91-85835-95-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-17, Forum Humanum, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-04-10 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2019-04-10Bibliographically approved

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Kapetanovic, Sabina

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