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Egenvård vid diabetes mellitus typ 2: - En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-care in diabetes mellitus type 2 : - A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 (DMT2) är en växande sjukdom globalt, det ställer krav på patienten att utföra egenvård och göra livsstilsförändringar för att uppnå hälsa. Obehandlad DMT2 kan leda till komplikationer i form av ökad morbiditet och mortalitet. Sjuksköterskan har en central funktion i att bidra med kunskap och vägleda patienten i egenvården. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vuxna patienters erfarenheter av egenvård vid DMT2. Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts och bygger på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Dataanalysen följer Polit och Beck´s flödesmodell. Resultat: Två kategorier, livsstilsförändringar och vikten av stöd har identifierats och fem underkategorier, acceptans och kontroll, ekonomiska förutsättningar, vårdrelation, familj och sociala nätverk och andlighet och kultur. Framstående var svårigheter att förändra kostvanor och tidigare livsstil.  Familj och vårdpersonal lyfts som en betydelsefull källa till stöd vid hantering av DMT2. Slutsats: Erfarenheter av egenvård vid DMT2 skilde sig mellan patienter, litteraturöversikten bidrar med ökad kunskap och bättre förståelse för patientens erfarenheter och anledningar till att rekommenderad behandling inte följs.

Abstract [en]

Summary

Title: Self-care in diabetes mellitus type 2. Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) is a growing disease worldwide. Therefore, the severeness of the disease puts demand on the patient to perform self-care and make lifestyle changes to achieve health. Untreated DMT2 can lead to complications, such as increased morbidity and mortality. The nurse has a facilitating role in transferring knowledge to the patient about self-care. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of self-care through the perspective of adult patients with DMT2. Method: A literature review was conducted and is based on ten scientific articles with qualitative approach. Data analysis has been conducted according to Polit and Beck´s flow model. Results: Two categories has been identified, lifestyle changes and the importance of support. Additionally, five subcatergories has been recognized, acceptance and control, financial conditions, health care relationships, family and social networks and spirituality and culture. Some significant findings from prior research regard difficulties in changing dietary habits and past lifestyles. Family and health care professionals are highlighted as an important source of support in managing DMT2. Conclusion: Self-care experiences with DMT2 differed between patients. The literature review contributed to increased knowledge and better understandning of the patient´s experiences and why recommended treatment were not followed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Diabetes type 2, life style, experiences, nursing, qualitative
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes typ 2, livsstil, upplevelser, omvårdnad, kvalitativ
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-42687ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-42687DiVA, id: diva2:1282020
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-23 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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